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The complete genome sequence of bearded dragon adenovirus 1 harbors three genes encoding proteins of the C-type lectin-like domain superfamily

Abstract : Bearded dragon adenovirus 1 (BDAdV-1), also known as agamid adenovirus 1, has been described worldwide as a prevalent infectious agent of the inland bearded dragon (Pogona vitticeps), the most common squamate exotic pet reptile. Previous limited sequence data of the adenoviral DNA polymerase and hexon genes indicated that BDAdV-1 is a member of genus Atadenovirus family Adenoviridae. Atadenoviruses infect ruminants, marsupials, testudine reptiles and birds, yet the genus has been shown to be of squamate reptile origin. Here, we report a screening survey along with the complete genome sequence of BDAdV-1, derived directly from the sample of a deceased juvenile dragon showing central nervous system signs prior to passing. The BDAdV-1 genome is 35,276 bp and contains 32 putative genes. Its genome organization is characteristic of the members of genus Atadenovirus, however, a divergent LH3 gene indicates structural interactions of different nature compared to other genus members such as snake adenovirus 1. We identified five novel open reading frames (ORFs), three of which encode proteins of the C-type lectin-like domain (CTLD) superfamily. ORF3 has a CTLD group II-like domain architecture displaying structural similarity with natural killer cell surface receptors and with an alphaherpesviral virulence factor gene for neurotropism, UL45. ORF4 and 6 are extremely long compared to typical adenoviral right-end genes and possibly encode members of the CTLD superfamily with novel, previously undescribed domain architectures. BDAdV-1 is the hitherto most divergent member of genus Atadenovirus providing new insights on adenoviral diversity, evolution and pathogenesis.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03590616
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Submitted on : Monday, February 28, 2022 - 10:50:45 AM
Last modification on : Monday, March 7, 2022 - 8:10:10 AM
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Judit J. Pénzes, Leonóra Szirovicza, Balázs Harrach. The complete genome sequence of bearded dragon adenovirus 1 harbors three genes encoding proteins of the C-type lectin-like domain superfamily. Infection, Genetics and Evolution, Elsevier, 2020, 83, pp.104321. ⟨10.1016/j.meegid.2020.104321⟩. ⟨hal-03590616⟩

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