The role of rs1984112_G at CD36 gene in increasing reticulocyte level among sickle cell disease patients

Abstract : Aims and background: Mediators of adhesion become a potential new target for pharmacological therapy to struggle the complications of sickle cell disease (SCD). Several mechanisms for increased adherence have been postulated and the well-studied are CD36 and VLA4 which encoded by ITGA4. Herein, we sought to determine whether one polymorphism of CD36 namely: rs1984112 and three exons of ITGA4 (4, 5, and 6) are implicated in hemolytic status and clinical events among SCD Tunisian patients. Material and methods: This study enrolled 99 unrelated Tunisian subjects (63SS and 36S beta). All SCD patients are children (less than 16 years old). The rs1984112 and the ITGA4's exons 4, 5, and 6 were analyzed for all subjects by PCR/sequencing. The association of each genotype found with both clinical complications and hemolytic status was performed using t-test. Clinical events studied included vaso-occlusive crisis (VOC), osteonecrosis, stroke, frequent infection, priapism, and acute syndrome. Results: The results show that rs1984112_G allele at CD36 gene revealed to be associated with higher levels of reticulocyte count (p < 0.01). The statistical result show a near significance of homozygous mutant GG genotype with VOC (p = 0.051). No association between rs1984112_G allele and the clinical severity of SCD were found. Mutational screening of exon 4, 5, and 6 of ITGA4 gene revealed absence of mutated variant. Conclusion: Our results are similar to those found in Portuguese population which reported the role of rs1984112_G in increasing reticulocyte level among SCD patients. Consequently, the rs1984112_G of CD36 could be considered as a reliable biomarker for predicting patients at high risk for vascular occlusions and thus, allows earlier and more effective therapeutic management.
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Hematology, Maney Publishing, 2017, 22 (3), pp.178-182. 〈10.1080/10245332.2016.1253253〉
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01513653
Contributeur : Institut Pasteur Tunis <>
Soumis le : mardi 25 avril 2017 - 12:54:37
Dernière modification le : lundi 8 octobre 2018 - 17:44:08

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Miniar Kalai, Marwa Dridi, Leila Chaouch, Imen Moumni, Houyem Ouragini, et al.. The role of rs1984112_G at CD36 gene in increasing reticulocyte level among sickle cell disease patients. Hematology, Maney Publishing, 2017, 22 (3), pp.178-182. 〈10.1080/10245332.2016.1253253〉. 〈hal-01513653〉

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