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Live attenuated Bordetella pertussis vaccine candidate BPZE1 transiently protects against lethal pneumococcal disease in mice

Abstract : BPZE1 is a live attenuated vaccine against infection by Bordetella pertussis, the causative agent of whooping cough. It was previously shown that BPZE1 provides heterologous protection in mouse models of disease caused by unrelated pathogens, such as influenza virus and respiratory syncytial virus. Protection was also observed in mouse models of asthma and contact dermatitis. In this study, we demonstrate that BPZE1 also displays protection against an unrelated bacterial pathogen in a mouse model of invasive pneumococcal disease mediated by Streptococcus pneumoniae. While a single administration of BPZE1 provided no protection, two doses of 10 6 colonyforming units of BPZE1 given in a three-week interval protected against mortality, lung colonization and dissemination in both BALB/c and C57BL/6 mice. Unlike for the previously reported influenza challenge model, protection was short-lived, and waned within days after booster vaccination. Formaldehyde-killed BPZE1 protected only when administered following a live prime, indicating that priming requires live BPZE1 for protection. Protection against mortality was directly linked to substantially decreased bacterial dissemination in the blood and was lost in MyD88 knockout mice, demonstrating the role of the innate immune system in the mechanism of protection. This is the first report on a heterologous protective effect of the live BPZE1 vaccine candidate against an unrelated bacterial infection.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03372774
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Submitted on : Tuesday, October 12, 2021 - 9:56:15 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 12, 2021 - 11:24:37 AM

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Thomas Belcher, Hana Kammoun, Loïc Coutte, Anne-Sophie Debrie, Nathalie Mielcarek, et al.. Live attenuated Bordetella pertussis vaccine candidate BPZE1 transiently protects against lethal pneumococcal disease in mice. Vaccine, Elsevier, In press, ⟨10.1016/j.vaccine.2021.01.025⟩. ⟨hal-03372774⟩

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