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Relationship of binding of immunoglobulin G to Plasmodium falciparum-infected erythrocytes with parasite endemicity and antibody responses to conserved antigen in immune individuals.

Abstract : To investigate the potential for use of a well-established strain of Plasmodium falciparum as a reference strain for infected red blood cell (IRBC) surface reactivity, we monitored the binding of specific immunoglobulin G (IgG) from immune individuals to the reference Knob-positive FCR3 strain by flow cytometry. To permit interassay comparison for 162 plasma samples drawn after the rainy season, a labeling index (LI) was defined as the percentage of labeled parasites multiplied by the mean peak intensity. An LI ratio (LIR) was then calculated as the LI of the sample divided by the LI of the control. LIRs were calculated for individuals living in Dielmo and Ndiop, two Senegalese villages where P. falciparum is transmitted holoendemically and mesoendemically, respectively. The incidence (persons with an LIR of >3) observed in Dielmo was lower than that observed in Ndiop. Significantly higher LIRs were observed (i) for samples from Ndiop than for samples from Dielmo (P < 0.01) and (ii) in Ndiop, in subjects with hemoglobin AS (HbAS) than in those with hemoglobin AA (P = 0.03). No correlation with the cumulative age-associated immune status of the villagers was evidenced, contrary to antibody (Ab) responses against conserved IRBC-associated antigen (Ag) measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. These results are consistent with the notions that protection in HbAS individuals may relate to an increased IgG response to IRBC membrane Ags and that cell surface reactivity parallels IgG responses even though it is in itself a distinct indicator of the anti-P. falciparum Ab response. Measures of IgG binding to live IRBC are thus relevant for the functional screening of conserved IRBC-associated Ags that contribute to parasite destruction in vivo, as these Ags might be included in a multitarget vaccine.
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Submitted on : Thursday, February 17, 2011 - 11:04:02 AM
Last modification on : Monday, January 13, 2020 - 5:08:15 PM

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Antoine-Marie Diatta, Laurence Marrama, Adama Tall, Jean-François Trape, Alioune Dieye, et al.. Relationship of binding of immunoglobulin G to Plasmodium falciparum-infected erythrocytes with parasite endemicity and antibody responses to conserved antigen in immune individuals.. Clinical and Diagnostic Laboratory Immunology, American Society for Microbiology, 2004, 11 (1), pp.6-11. ⟨10.1128/CDLI.11.1.6-11.2004⟩. ⟨pasteur-00566833⟩

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