D. J. Gubler, Epidemic dengue/dengue hemorrhagic fever as a public health, social and economic problem in the 21st century, Trends in Microbiology, vol.10, issue.2, pp.100-103, 2002.
DOI : 10.1016/S0966-842X(01)02288-0

E. B. Hayes, N. Komar, R. S. Nasci, S. P. Montgomery, D. R. Leary et al., Epidemiology and Transmission Dynamics of West Nile Virus Disease, Emerging Infectious Diseases, vol.11, issue.8, pp.1167-1173, 2005.
DOI : 10.3201/eid1108.050289a

K. Stiasny and F. X. Heinz, Flavivirus membrane fusion, Journal of General Virology, vol.87, issue.10, pp.2755-2766, 2006.
DOI : 10.1099/vir.0.82210-0

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00167646

M. S. Diamond, B. Shrestha, E. Mehlhop, E. Sitati, and M. Engle, Innate and Adaptive Immune Responses Determine Protection against Disseminated Infection by West Nile Encephalitis Virus, Viral Immunology, vol.16, issue.3, pp.259-278, 2003.
DOI : 10.1089/088282403322396082

M. B. Lodoen and L. L. Lanier, Natural killer cells as an initial defense against pathogens, Current Opinion in Immunology, vol.18, issue.4, pp.391-398, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/j.coi.2006.05.002

S. E. Kirwan and D. N. Burshtyn, Regulation of natural killer cell activity, Current Opinion in Immunology, vol.19, issue.1, pp.46-54, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/j.coi.2006.11.012

O. Hershkovitz, A. Zilka, A. Bar-ilan, S. Abutbul, A. Davidson et al., Dengue Virus Replicon Expressing the Nonstructural Proteins Suffices To Enhance Membrane Expression of HLA Class I and Inhibit Lysis by Human NK Cells, Journal of Virology, vol.82, issue.15, pp.7666-7676, 2008.
DOI : 10.1128/JVI.02274-07

A. Porgador, Natural Cytotoxicity Receptors: Pattern Recognition and Involvement of Carbohydrates, The Scientific World JOURNAL, vol.5, pp.151-154, 2005.
DOI : 10.1100/tsw.2005.22

L. Moretta and A. Moretta, Unravelling natural killer cell function: triggering and inhibitory human NK receptors, The EMBO Journal, vol.23, issue.2, pp.255-259, 2004.
DOI : 10.1038/sj.emboj.7600019

URL : http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1271745

M. Vitale, C. Bottino, S. Sivori, L. Sanseverino, R. Castriconi et al., NKp44, a Novel Triggering Surface Molecule Specifically Expressed by Activated Natural Killer Cells, Is Involved in Non???Major Histocompatibility Complex???restricted Tumor Cell Lysis, The Journal of Experimental Medicine, vol.143, issue.12, pp.2065-2072, 1998.
DOI : 10.1084/jem.173.1.251

T. I. Arnon, G. Markel, and O. Mandelboim, Tumor and viral recognition by natural killer cells receptors, Seminars in Cancer Biology, vol.16, issue.5, pp.348-358, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/j.semcancer.2006.07.005

T. I. Arnon, H. Achdout, N. Lieberman, R. Gazit, T. Gonen-gross et al., The mechanisms controlling the recognition of tumor- and virus-infected cells by NKp46, Blood, vol.103, issue.2, pp.664-672, 2004.
DOI : 10.1182/blood-2003-05-1716

T. I. Arnon, M. Lev, G. Katz, Y. Chernobrov, A. Porgador et al., Recognition of viral hemagglutinins by NKp44 but not by NKp30, European Journal of Immunology, vol.238, issue.9, pp.2680-2689, 2001.
DOI : 10.1002/1521-4141(200109)31:9<2680::AID-IMMU2680>3.0.CO;2-A

J. W. Ho, O. Hershkovitz, M. Peiris, A. Zilka, A. Bar-ilan et al., H5-Type Influenza Virus Hemagglutinin Is Functionally Recognized by the Natural Killer-Activating Receptor NKp44, Journal of Virology, vol.82, issue.4, pp.2028-2032, 2008.
DOI : 10.1128/JVI.02065-07

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/pasteur-00588964

S. Esin, G. Batoni, C. Counoupas, A. Stringaro, F. L. Brancatisano et al., Direct Binding of Human NK Cell Natural Cytotoxicity Receptor NKp44 to the Surfaces of Mycobacteria and Other Bacteria, Infection and Immunity, vol.76, issue.4, pp.1719-1727, 2008.
DOI : 10.1128/IAI.00870-07

M. Lobigs, A. Mullbacher, and M. Regner, MHC class I up-regulation by flaviviruses: Immune interaction with unknown advantage to host or pathogen, Immunology and Cell Biology, vol.70, issue.3, pp.217-223, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/0165-5728(91)90181-6

E. L. Azeredo, L. M. De-oliveira-pinto, S. M. Zagne, D. I. Cerqueira, R. M. Nogueira et al., NK cells, displaying early activation, cytotoxicity and adhesion molecules, are associated with mild dengue disease, Clinical and Experimental Immunology, vol.94, issue.2, pp.345-356, 2006.
DOI : 10.1146/annurev.immunol.17.1.189

URL : http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1809585

S. Green, S. Pichyangkul, D. W. Vaughn, S. Kalayanarooj, S. Nimmannitya et al., Early CD69 Expression on Peripheral Blood Lymphocytes from Children with Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever, The Journal of Infectious Diseases, vol.180, issue.5, pp.1429-1435, 1999.
DOI : 10.1086/315072

I. Kurane, D. Hebblewaite, W. E. Brandt, and F. A. Ennis, Lysis of dengue virus-infected cells by natural cell-mediated cytotoxicity and antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity, J. Virol, vol.52, pp.223-230, 1984.

K. S. Campbell, S. Yusa, A. Kikuchi-maki, and T. L. Catina, NKp44 Triggers NK Cell Activation through DAP12 Association That Is Not Influenced by a Putative Cytoplasmic Inhibitory Sequence, The Journal of Immunology, vol.172, issue.2, pp.899-906, 2004.
DOI : 10.4049/jimmunol.172.2.899

D. Ben-nathan, S. Lustig, G. Tam, S. Robinzon, S. Segal et al., Prophylactic and Therapeutic Efficacy of Human Intravenous Immunoglobulin in Treating West Nile Virus Infection in Mice, The Journal of Infectious Diseases, vol.188, issue.1, pp.5-12, 2003.
DOI : 10.1086/376870

E. Navarro-sanchez, R. Altmeyer, A. Amara, O. Schwartz, F. Fieschi et al., Dendritic-cell-specific ICAM3-grabbing non-integrin is essential for the productive infection of human dendritic cells by mosquito-cell-derived dengue viruses, EMBO Reports, vol.4, issue.7, pp.723-728, 2003.
DOI : 10.1038/sj.embor.embor866

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/pasteur-01372706

M. Colonna, F. Navarro, T. Bellon, M. Llano, P. Garcia et al., A Common Inhibitory Receptor for Major Histocompatibility Complex Class I Molecules on Human Lymphoid and Myelomonocytic Cells, The Journal of Experimental Medicine, vol.138, issue.11, pp.1809-1818, 1997.
DOI : 10.1038/321700a0

N. Bloushtain, U. Qimron, A. Bar-ilan, O. Hershkovitz, R. Gazit et al., Membrane-Associated Heparan Sulfate Proteoglycans Are Involved in the Recognition of Cellular Targets by NKp30 and NKp46, The Journal of Immunology, vol.173, issue.4, pp.2392-2401, 2004.
DOI : 10.4049/jimmunol.173.4.2392

M. A. Dennissen, G. J. Jenniskens, M. Pieffers, E. M. Versteeg, M. Petitou et al., Large, Tissue-regulated Domain Diversity of Heparan Sulfates Demonstrated by Phage Display Antibodies, Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol.277, issue.13, pp.10982-10986, 2002.
DOI : 10.1074/jbc.M104852200

O. Hershkovitz, M. Jarahian, A. Zilka, A. Bar-ilan, G. Landau et al., Altered glycosylation of recombinant NKp30 hampers binding to heparan sulfate: a lesson for the use of recombinant immunoreceptors as an immunological tool, Glycobiology, vol.18, issue.1, pp.28-41, 2008.
DOI : 10.1093/glycob/cwm125

P. Desprès, C. Combredet, M. P. Frenkiel, C. Lorin, M. Brahic et al., Live Measles Vaccine Expressing the Secreted Form of the West Nile Virus Envelope Glycoprotein Protects against West Nile Virus Encephalitis, The Journal of Infectious Diseases, vol.191, issue.2, pp.207-214, 2005.
DOI : 10.1086/426824

O. Lisova, F. Hardy, V. Petit, and H. Bedouelle, Mapping to completeness and transplantation of a group-specific, discontinuous, neutralizing epitope in the envelope protein of dengue virus, Journal of General Virology, vol.88, issue.9, pp.2387-2397, 2007.
DOI : 10.1099/vir.0.83028-0

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/pasteur-00175708

J. C. Boulain and F. Ducancel, Expression of Recombinant Alkaline Phosphatase Conjugates in <I>Escherichia coli</I>, Methods Mol. Biol, vol.267, pp.101-112, 2004.
DOI : 10.1385/1-59259-774-2:101

P. Rice, I. Longden, and A. Bleasby, EMBOSS: The European Molecular Biology Open Software Suite, Trends in Genetics, vol.16, issue.6, pp.276-277, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/S0168-9525(00)02024-2

A. Kajaste-rudnitski, T. Mashimo, M. P. Frenkiel, J. L. Guénet, M. Lucas et al., The 2',5'-Oligoadenylate Synthetase 1b Is a Potent Inhibitor of West Nile Virus Replication Inside Infected Cells, Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol.281, issue.8, pp.4624-4637, 2006.
DOI : 10.1074/jbc.M508649200

O. Mandelboim, N. Lieberman, M. Lev, L. Paul, T. I. Arnon et al., Recognition of haemagglutinins on virus-infected cells by NKp46 activates lysis by human NK cells, Nature, vol.409, issue.6823, pp.1055-1060, 2001.
DOI : 10.1038/35059110

T. N. Chau, N. T. Quyen, T. T. Thuy, N. M. Tuan, D. M. Hoang et al., Dengue in Vietnamese Infants???Results of Infection???Enhancement Assays Correlate with Age???Related Disease Epidemiology, and Cellular Immune Responses Correlate with Disease Severity, The Journal of Infectious Diseases, vol.198, issue.4, pp.516-524, 2008.
DOI : 10.1086/590117

S. Mukhopadhyay, R. J. Kuhn, and M. G. Rossmann, A structural perspective of the flavivirus life cycle, Nature Reviews Microbiology, vol.55, issue.1, pp.13-22, 2005.
DOI : 10.1080/096876899294706

I. L. Serafin and J. G. Aaskov, Identification of epitopes on the envelope (E) protein of dengue 2 and dengue 3 viruses using monoclonal antibodies, Archives of Virology, vol.146, issue.12, pp.2469-2479, 2001.
DOI : 10.1007/s007050170017

G. Alter, J. M. Malenfant, and M. Altfeld, CD107a as a functional marker for the identification of natural killer cell activity, Journal of Immunological Methods, vol.294, issue.1-2, pp.15-22, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jim.2004.08.008

J. S. Orange, M. S. Fassett, L. A. Koopman, J. E. Boyson, and J. L. Strominger, Viral evasion of natural killer cells, Nature Immunology, vol.3, issue.11, pp.1006-1012, 2002.
DOI : 10.1038/ni1102-1006

M. Lopez-botet, M. Llano, F. Navarro, and T. Bellon, NK cell recognition of non-classical HLA class I molecules, Seminars in Immunology, vol.12, issue.2, pp.109-119, 2000.
DOI : 10.1006/smim.2000.0213

C. Cantoni, C. Bottino, M. Vitale, A. Pessino, R. Augugliaro et al., NKp44, A Triggering Receptor Involved in Tumor Cell Lysis by Activated Human Natural Killer Cells, Is a Novel Member of the Immunoglobulin Superfamily, The Journal of Experimental Medicine, vol.159, issue.5, pp.787-796, 1999.
DOI : 10.1002/eji.1830270313

C. Cantoni, M. Ponassi, R. Biassoni, R. Conte, A. Spallarossa et al., The Three-Dimensional Structure of the Human NK Cell Receptor NKp44, a Triggering Partner in Natural Cytotoxicity, Structure, vol.11, issue.6, pp.725-734, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/S0969-2126(03)00095-9

S. C. Harrison, Viral membrane fusion, Nature Structural & Molecular Biology, vol.433, issue.7, pp.690-698, 2008.
DOI : 10.1038/nsmb.1456

A. A. Scalzo, Successful control of viruses by NK cells: a balance of opposing forces? Trends Microbiol, pp.470-474, 2002.

P. Chaturvedi, A. P. Singh, and S. K. Batra, Structure, evolution, and biology of the MUC4 mucin, The FASEB Journal, vol.22, issue.4, pp.966-981, 2008.
DOI : 10.1096/fj.07-9673rev

V. K. Kuchroo, D. T. Umetsu, R. H. Dekruyff, and G. J. Freeman, The TIM gene family: emerging roles in immunity and disease, Nature Reviews Immunology, vol.3, issue.6, pp.454-462, 2003.
DOI : 10.1038/nri1111

J. A. Quaresma, V. L. Barros, C. Pagliari, E. R. Fernandes, F. Guedes et al., Revisiting the liver in human yellow fever: Virus-induced apoptosis in hepatocytes associated with TGF-??, TNF-?? and NK cells activity, Virology, vol.345, issue.1, pp.22-30, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/j.virol.2005.09.058

A. Arjona, M. Ledizet, K. Anthony, N. Bonafe, Y. Modis et al., West Nile Virus Envelope Protein Inhibits dsRNA-Induced Innate Immune Responses, The Journal of Immunology, vol.179, issue.12, pp.8403-8409, 2007.
DOI : 10.4049/jimmunol.179.12.8403

V. V. Vargin and B. F. Semenov, Changes of natural killer cell activity in different mouse lines by acute and asymptomatic flavivirus infections, Acta Virol, vol.30, pp.303-308, 1986.

B. Shrestha, M. A. Samuel, and M. S. Diamond, CD8+ T Cells Require Perforin To Clear West Nile Virus from Infected Neurons, Journal of Virology, vol.80, issue.1, pp.119-129, 2006.
DOI : 10.1128/JVI.80.1.119-129.2006