Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

Detection, Isolation, and Genetic Characterization of Rift Valley Fever Virus from Anopheles (Anopheles) coustani, Anopheles (Anopheles) squamosus, and Culex (Culex) antennatus of the Haute Matsiatra Region, Madagascar.

Abstract : Following veterinary alerts of Rift Valley fever (RVF) in the districts of Fianarantsoa I and II in November 2008 and in the district of Ambalavao in April 2009, entomological and virological investigations were carried out to identify the mosquito species that could act as RVF virus (RVFV) vectors in the region. A total of 12,785 adult mosquitoes belonging to 5 genera and 21 species were collected. After identification, mosquitoes were pooled by species, sex, and female status (fed or unfed) and then stored at -80°C. Of 319 pools of unfed monospecific female mosquito tested by real-time RT-polymerase chain reaction, RVFV was detected in 1 pool of Anopheles coustani, 5 pools of An. squamosus, and 2 pools of Culex antennatus mosquitoes. The virus was isolated in mosquito cell lines from two of the five Real Time-RT-polymerase chain reaction (real time-RT-PCR) positive pools of An. squamosus mosquitoes. From the eight RVFV strains detected, partial S, M, and L genome segments sequences were obtained. The phylogenetic analysis of these sequences showed that the strains circulating in mosquitoes were genetically close to those that circulated in livestock and humans during RVF outbreaks in 2008 and 2009. This study, therefore, provides strong evidence that An. squamosus, An. coustani, and Cx. antennatus could play a role as vectors of the RVFV during the disease outbreaks in 2008-2009. Bioecological, genetic, and RVF transmission studies on these three mosquito species are needed to address this question and thus improve prevention and control of future RVF outbreaks in Madagascar, where these species are present.
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadatas

https://hal-riip.archives-ouvertes.fr/pasteur-00596363
Contributor : Jean-Marc Reynes <>
Submitted on : Friday, May 27, 2011 - 10:39:50 AM
Last modification on : Monday, October 8, 2018 - 5:44:05 PM

Identifiers

Collections

Citation

Jocelyn Ratovonjato, Marie-Marie Olive, Luciano Michael Tantely, Lala Andrianaivolambo, Etienne Tata, et al.. Detection, Isolation, and Genetic Characterization of Rift Valley Fever Virus from Anopheles (Anopheles) coustani, Anopheles (Anopheles) squamosus, and Culex (Culex) antennatus of the Haute Matsiatra Region, Madagascar.. Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases, Mary Ann Liebert, 2011, 11 (6), pp.753-759. ⟨10.1089/vbz.2010.0031⟩. ⟨pasteur-00596363⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

145