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Depression of cardiac L-type calcium current by a scorpion venom fraction M1 following muscarinic receptors interaction involving adenylate cyclase pathway.

Abstract : The effects of a non-toxic fraction, called M1, from Buthus occitanus tunetanus (Bot) scorpion were studied on rat cardiac contraction and calcium transient and current. A decrease in both rate and tension on isolated intact hearts as well as in calcium transient induced by depolarizing 100 K(+) solution on isolated ventricular cardiomyocytes was firstly observed. Studies with the whole cell patch clamp method showed that M1 decreased the L-type calcium current (ICa(L)) in a dose-dependent manner with an IC50 of 0.36 microg/mL and a Hill coefficient of 0.95. This effect was blocked and reversed by the specific muscarinic receptors antagonist atropine, 1 microM, and was completely prevented when cardiomyocytes were pretreated with Pertussis toxin, 1 microg/mL, to block the alpha subunit of the PTX-sensitive G proteins. These results show that M1 fraction of Bot inhibits basal calcium current by interacting with muscarinic receptors and suggest that this inhibition could be attributed to inhibition of adenylate cyclase activity by a mechanism involving PTX-sensitive G proteins.
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https://hal-riip.archives-ouvertes.fr/pasteur-00614365
Contributor : Institut Pasteur Tunis <>
Submitted on : Thursday, August 11, 2011 - 9:29:54 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, May 22, 2019 - 9:34:01 AM

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Amani Cheikh, Rym Benkhalifa, Jocelyn Bescond, Mohamed El Ayeb, Guy Raymond, et al.. Depression of cardiac L-type calcium current by a scorpion venom fraction M1 following muscarinic receptors interaction involving adenylate cyclase pathway.. Toxicon, Elsevier, 2006, 48 (4), pp.373-87. ⟨10.1016/j.toxicon.2006.06.016⟩. ⟨pasteur-00614365⟩

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