Recombinaison génétique chez le poliovirus vaccinal : étude comparative chez les souches excrétées en cours de vaccination par le vaccin poliomyélitique oral et les souches circulantes

Abstract : AIM OF STUDY: Recombination is one of the major mechanisms of evolution in poliovirus. In this work, recombination was assessed in children during vaccination with OPV and among circulating vaccine strains isolated in Tunisia during the last 15 years in order to identify a possible role of recombination in the response to the vaccine or the acquisition of an increased transmissibility. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study included 250 poliovirus isolates: 137 vaccine isolates, excreted by children during primary vaccination with OPV and 113 isolates obtained from acute flaccid paralytic (AFP) cases and healthy contacts. Recombination was first assessed using a double PCR-RFLP, and sequencing. RESULTS: Nineteen per cent of recombinant strains were identified: 20% of strains excreted by vaccinees among 18% of circulating strains. The proportion of recombinant in isolates of serotype1 was very low in the two groups while the proportions of recombinants in serotypes 2 and 3 were different. In vaccinees, the frequency of recombinants in serotype3 decreased during the course of vaccination: 54% after the first dose, 32% after the second and 14% after the third dose. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that recombination enhances the ability of serotype3 vaccine strains to induce an immune response. Apart from recent vaccination, it may contribute to a more effective transmissibility of vaccine strains among human population.
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Submitted on : Friday, September 23, 2011 - 6:23:40 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, August 27, 2019 - 5:21:28 PM

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S. Haddad-Boubaker, M. V. Ould-Mohamed-Abdallah, A. Ben-Yahia, H. Triki. Recombinaison génétique chez le poliovirus vaccinal : étude comparative chez les souches excrétées en cours de vaccination par le vaccin poliomyélitique oral et les souches circulantes. Pathologie Biologie, Elsevier Masson, 2010, 58 (6), pp.420-5. ⟨10.1016/j.patbio.2009.01.004⟩. ⟨pasteur-00620979⟩

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