Coexistence of mal de Meleda and congenital cataract in a consanguineous Tunisian family: two case reports.

Abstract : UNLABELLED: INTRODUCTION: Mal de Meleda is a rare form of palmoplantar keratoderma, with autosomal recessive transmission. It is characterized by diffuse erythema and hyperkeratosis of the palms and soles. Recently, mutations in the ARS (component B) gene (ARS, MIM: 606119) on chromosome 8q24.3 have been identified in families with this disorder. Congenital cataract is a visual disease that may interfere with sharp imaging of the retina. Mutations in the heat-shock transcription factor 4 gene (HSF4; MIM: 602438) may result in both autosomal dominant and autosomal recessive congenital cataracts. CASE PRESENTATION: A Tunisian family with two female siblings aged 45 and 30 years, presented with a clinical association of mal de Meleda and congenital cataract. The two patients exhibited diffuse palmoplantar keratodermas. One of them presented with a total posterior subcapsular cataract and had a best corrected visual acuity at 1/20 in the left eye and with the right eye was only able to count fingers at a distance of one foot. The other woman had a slight posterior subcapsular lenticular opacity and her best corrected visual acuity was 8/10 in the right eye and with her left eye she was only able to count fingers at a distance of one foot. A mutational analysis of their ARS gene revealed the presence of the homozygous missense mutation C99Y and two single nucleotide polymorphisms (-55G>C and -60G>C). The splice mutation (c.1327+4A-G) within intron 12 of the HSF4 gene, which has been previously described in Tunisian families with congenital cataract, was not found in the two probands within this family. CONCLUSION: To the best of our knowledge, such original clinical association has not been reported previously. The association of these two autosomal recessive diseases might have occurred in this family due to a high degree of inbreeding. The C99Y mutation may be specific to the Tunisian population as it has been exclusively reported so far in only three Tunisian families with mal de Meleda.
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Submitted on : Thursday, September 22, 2011 - 3:15:36 PM
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Mbarka Bchetnia, Ahlem Merdassi, Cherine Charfeddine, Fatma Mgaieth, Selma Kassar, et al.. Coexistence of mal de Meleda and congenital cataract in a consanguineous Tunisian family: two case reports.. Journal of Medical Case Reports, BioMed Central, 2010, 4, pp.108. ⟨10.1186/1752-1947-4-108⟩. ⟨pasteur-00620998⟩

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