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Leberagin-C, A disintegrin-like/cysteine-rich protein from Macrovipera lebetina transmediterranea venom, inhibits alphavbeta3 integrin-mediated cell adhesion.

Abstract : Leberagin-C, a new member of the disintegrin-like/cysteine-rich (D/C) family, was purified to homogeneity from the venom of Tunisian snake Macrovipera lebetina transmediterranea. It is a monomeric protein with a molecular mass of 25,787 Da. Its complete sequence of 205 amino acid residues was established by cDNA cloning. The leberagin-C shows many conserved sequences with other known D/C proteins, like the SECD binding sites and a pattern of 28 cysteines. It is the first purified protein from M. lebetina transmediterranea with only two disintegrin-like/cysteine-rich domains. Leberagin-C is able to inhibit platelet aggregation induced by thrombin and arachidonic acid with IC(50) of 40 and 50 nM respectively. It was also able to inhibit the adhesion of melanoma tumour cells on fibrinogen and fibronectin, by interfering with the function of alphavbeta3 and, to a lesser extent, with alphavbeta6 and alpha5beta1 integrins. To our knowledge, leberagin-C is the sole described D/C protein that does not specifically interact with the alpha2beta1 integrin. Structure-activity relationship study of leberagin-C suggested that there are some important amino acid differences with jararhagin, the most studied PIII metalloprotease from Bothrops jararaca, notably around the SECD motif in its disintegrin-like domain. Other regions implicated in leberagin-C specificities could not be excluded.
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https://hal-riip.archives-ouvertes.fr/pasteur-00621003
Contributor : Institut Pasteur Tunis <>
Submitted on : Thursday, September 22, 2011 - 2:04:33 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, June 23, 2020 - 12:30:03 PM

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Inès Limam, Amine Bazaa, Najet Srairi-Abid, Salma Taboubi, Jed Jebali, et al.. Leberagin-C, A disintegrin-like/cysteine-rich protein from Macrovipera lebetina transmediterranea venom, inhibits alphavbeta3 integrin-mediated cell adhesion.. Matrix Biology, Elsevier, 2010, 29 (2), pp.117-26. ⟨10.1016/j.matbio.2009.09.009⟩. ⟨pasteur-00621003⟩

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