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Cellular and humoral responses induced by Leishmania histone H2B and its divergent and conserved parts in cutaneous and visceral leishmaniasis patients, respectively.

Abstract : Leishmania histone H2B has been reported to be a promising candidate for both vaccination and serodiagnosis. We evaluated the cellular immune responses induced by H2B and its divergent amino-terminal (H2B-N) and conserved carboxy-terminal (H2B-C) regions in individuals with a history of Localized Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (LCL) due to Leishmania (L.) major. H2B induced significantly high PBMC proliferation and IFNgamma levels in LCL individuals whereas significantly lower proliferation and IFNgamma levels were observed with the divergent part of the protein. All proteins induced IL10 in LCL and healthy individuals. We also evaluated the humoral responses induced by these proteins in patients with Mediterranean Visceral Leishmaniasis (MVL) due to L. infantum. H2B and H2B-N were highly recognized by MVL sera. Our results show that the entire H2B protein is more efficient than its amino- and carboxy-terminal regions in inducing a dominant Th1 profile in cured LCL subjects and suggest that this protein may constitute a potential vaccine against leishmaniasis. Furthermore, H2B and H2B-N are interesting antigens for serodiagnosis of MVL.
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https://hal-riip.archives-ouvertes.fr/pasteur-00621005
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Submitted on : Thursday, September 22, 2011 - 2:01:06 PM
Last modification on : Monday, October 8, 2018 - 5:44:07 PM

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A. Meddeb-Garnaoui, Abdelmalek Toumi, H. Ghelis, M. Mahjoub, H. Louzir, et al.. Cellular and humoral responses induced by Leishmania histone H2B and its divergent and conserved parts in cutaneous and visceral leishmaniasis patients, respectively.. Vaccine, Elsevier, 2010, 28 (7), pp.1881-6. ⟨10.1016/j.vaccine.2009.11.075⟩. ⟨pasteur-00621005⟩

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