Direct genotyping and nucleotide sequence analysis of VS1 and VS2 of the Omp1 gene of Chlamydia trachomatis from Moroccan trachomatous specimens.

Abstract : To determine the range of ocular strains of Chlamydia trachomatis circulating in southern Morocco, where trachoma is endemic, and to compare the value of the molecular methods for genotyping C. trachomatis, ocular specimens were subjected to a direct Omp1 PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP)-based analysis and direct sequencing. PCR-RFLP analysis shows that the Ba genotype represents the most frequent one (63%), followed by genotype A (45%), whereas no B or C genotypes were identified among the 53 out of 108 specimens that were strongly positive in the Omp1 CT1-CT5 PCR. Our results further show that the notion of interfamily and intrafamily transmission is very likely. To confirm the genotype identity of C. trachomatis as determined by PCR-RFLP, 16 selected specimens were sequenced across variable sequence 1 (VS1) and 2 (VS2). No discrepancies were found between PCR-RFLP typing and the genotype identity confirmed by nucleotide sequencing of the PCR product. Our results clearly indicate that both molecular methods of typing chlamydiae (i.e., PCR-RFLP and sequencing) are important and have specific applications for clinical epidemiological purposes. This is the case for individuals infected with more than one clonal population of C. trachomatis. The unambiguous nucleotide sequencing therefore defines an important epidemiologic descriptor for the infected patient whether the source is from a clonal population of organisms or whether it represents a more dynamic process of strain dominance or genetic change. Furthermore, Omp1 genotyping affords the necessary approach to epidemiologic investigations in areas of the world endemic for trachoma, where only one or two serovars are known to predominate.
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  • HAL Id : pasteur-00647019, version 1
  • PUBMED : 11377207

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B. Takourt, B. de Barbeyrac, M. Khyatti, F. Radouani, C. Bebear, et al.. Direct genotyping and nucleotide sequence analysis of VS1 and VS2 of the Omp1 gene of Chlamydia trachomatis from Moroccan trachomatous specimens.. Microbes and Infection, Elsevier, 2001, 3 (6), pp.459-66. ⟨pasteur-00647019⟩

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