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Development of a measles vaccine production process in MRC-5 cells grown on Cytodex1 microcarriers and in a stirred bioreactor.

Khaled Trabelsi 1 Samy Majoul 1 Samia Rourou 1 Héla Kallel 1, * 
* Corresponding author
Abstract : Measles vaccination remains the most efficient way to control the spread of the virus. This work focuses on the production of a measles vaccine using stirred conditions as an advanced option for process scale up. Non-porous Cytodex 1 microcarriers were used to support MRC-5 cell growth in suspension cultures. Virus replication was first optimized in spinner flasks, and the effects of various operational parameters were investigated. Cell infection with AIK-C measles strain at an MOI (multiplicity of infection) of 0.005, without glucose regulation and in M199 medium, resulted in a virus titer of 10⁶*²⁵ TCID₅₀ (median tissue culture infective dose)/ml. To optimize the production process in a 7-l bioreactor, we carried out various perfused cultures using minimum essential medium (MEM) + 5% FCS diluted with phosphate-buffered saline (PBS). We achieved a high cell density level (4.1 × 10⁶ cells/ml) with an efficient use of the medium when MEM + 5% FCS diluted with PBS at 25% was used during the cell amplification step. Optimization of measles production in MRC-5 cells grown on Cytodex 1 beads in a 7-l bioreactor showed that perfusion was the most efficient when compared to repeated-batch culture. Perfusion at a rate of 0.25 V (reactor volume)/day showed the highest specific productivity (1.6 IVP [infectious virus particle] cell⁻¹ day⁻¹). Testing of several stabilizers containing pharmaceutically improved components such as sugars, amino acids, and charged ions showed that the formulation composed of sucrose and MgCl₂, led to the maintenance of the infectivity of the AIK-C measles virus strain to a significant level, when stored at +28 °C, +4 °C and -60 °C.
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Submitted on : Friday, March 23, 2012 - 5:30:48 PM
Last modification on : Monday, October 8, 2018 - 5:44:08 PM

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Khaled Trabelsi, Samy Majoul, Samia Rourou, Héla Kallel. Development of a measles vaccine production process in MRC-5 cells grown on Cytodex1 microcarriers and in a stirred bioreactor.. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 2012, 93 (3), pp.1031-40. ⟨10.1007/s00253-011-3574-y⟩. ⟨pasteur-00682184⟩



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