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Increased Pho regulon activation correlates with decreased virulence of an avian pathogenic Escherichia coli O78 strain.

Abstract : Avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) strains are associated with respiratory infections, septicemia, cellulitis, peritonitis, and other conditions, since colibacillosis manifests in many ways. The Pho regulon is jointly controlled by the two-component regulatory system PhoBR and by the phosphate-specific transport (Pst) system. To determine the specific roles of the PhoBR regulon and the Pst system in the pathogenesis of the APEC O78 strain χ7122, different phoBR and pst mutant strains were tested in vivo in chickens and in vitro for virulence traits. Mutations resulting in constitutive activation of the Pho regulon rendered strains more sensitive than the wild type to hydrogen peroxide and to the bactericidal effects of rabbit serum. In addition, production of type 1 fimbriae was also impaired in these strains. Using a chicken competitive infection model, all PhoB constitutive mutants were outcompeted by the wild-type parent, including strains containing a functional Pst system. Cumulative inactivation of the Pst system and the PhoB regulator resulted in a restoration of virulence. In addition, loss of the PhoB regulator alone did not affect virulence in the chicken infection model. Interestingly, the level of attenuation of the mutant strains correlated directly with the level of activation of the Pho regulon. Overall, results indicate that activation of the Pho regulon rather than phosphate transport by the Pst system plays a major role in the attenuation of the APEC O78 strain χ7122.
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Contributor : Charles M. Dozois Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, July 25, 2012 - 5:06:16 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, April 17, 2019 - 12:21:21 PM

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Nicolas Bertrand, Sébastien Houle, Guillaume Lebihan, Édith Poirier, Charles M Dozois, et al.. Increased Pho regulon activation correlates with decreased virulence of an avian pathogenic Escherichia coli O78 strain.. Infection and Immunity, American Society for Microbiology, 2010, 78 (12), pp.5324-31. ⟨10.1128/IAI.00452-10⟩. ⟨pasteur-00720787⟩



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