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The N-terminal helix α(0) of hepatitis C virus NS3 protein dictates the subcellular localization and stability of NS3/NS4A complex.

Abstract : The N-terminal amphipathic helix α(0) of hepatitis C virus (HCV) NS3 protein is an essential structural determinant for the protein membrane association. Here, we performed functional analysis to probe the role of this helix α(0) in the HCV life cycle. A point mutation M21P in this region that destroyed the helix formation disrupted the membrane association of NS3 protein and completely abolished HCV replication. Mechanistically the mutation did not affect either protease or helicase/NTPase activities of NS3, but significantly reduced the stability of NS3 protein. Furthermore, the membrane association and stability of NS3 protein can be restored by replacing the helix α(0) with an amphipathic helix of the HCV NS5A protein. In summary, our data demonstrated that the amphipathic helix α(0) of NS3 protein determines the proper membrane association of NS3, and this subcellular localization dictates the functional role of NS3 in the HCV life cycle.
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https://hal-riip.archives-ouvertes.fr/pasteur-00723695
Contributor : Xiaojing Lin <>
Submitted on : Monday, August 13, 2012 - 9:15:28 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 17, 2018 - 12:42:06 PM

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Ying He, Leiyun Weng, Rui Li, Li Li, Tetsuya Toyoda, et al.. The N-terminal helix α(0) of hepatitis C virus NS3 protein dictates the subcellular localization and stability of NS3/NS4A complex.. Virology, Elsevier, 2012, 422 (2), pp.214-23. ⟨10.1016/j.virol.2011.10.021⟩. ⟨pasteur-00723695⟩

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