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Antioxydant and antiradical properties of cranberry juice and extracts

Abstract : The antioxidant capacities of cranberry juice and three extracts isolated from frozen cranberries containing anthocyanins, water-soluble and apolar phenolic compounds, were evaluated at pH 2.5 and 7, respectively. The free radical-scavenging (FRS) and the lipid peroxidation inhibition (LPI) activities of each samples, and extracts, were studied using the N,N-diethyl-p-phenylenediamine (DPD) decoloration test and the thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) assay, respectively. The cranberry phenols displayed good free radical-scavenging properties, but were less efficient at inhibiting the peroxidation of lipids. Of all the samples tested, the water-soluble phenolic compounds showed the greatest free radical-scavenging (68.2 mmol TE/mg phenol) and antioxidant (13.4 mmol TE phenol) activities. The polarity of the phenols, the pH of the medium and the juice process had a great influence on the antioxidant activities. The phenols isolated from cranberries with an aqueous solvent have greater antioxidant properties than those extracted with an organic solvent mixture. The antioxidant activity of the cranberry samples adjusted at pH 2.5 was greater than those adjusted at pH 7. Compared to the cranberry extracts, the juice exhibited a much lower antioxidant activity, especially when compared with the extract containing water-soluble compounds which the extraction conditions were similar to those used to obtain the juice.
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Submitted on : Thursday, September 6, 2012 - 9:54:36 PM
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S. Caillet, J. Côté, G. Doyon, F.S. Sylvain, Monique Lacroix. Antioxydant and antiradical properties of cranberry juice and extracts. Food Research International, 2011, 44 (5), pp.1408-1413. ⟨10.1016/j.foodres.2011.02.019⟩. ⟨pasteur-00728882⟩



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