Three new mutations account for the prevalence of glucose 6 phosphate deshydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency in Tunisia.

Abstract : A previous study on G6PD deficiency carried out on Tunisian population, led to the finding of seven different mutations with the prevalence of G6PD A- variant. This present study reports 23 new unrelated deficient subjects studied at the molecular level to determine the mutation that causes G6PD deficiency. Using PCR-SSCP of coding regions followed by direct sequencing of abnormal pattern, three new mutations were detected. Two of them are polymorphic intronic mutations. The first is IVS-V 655C→C/T, found in four female subjects with mild deficiency of class III variant. The second is IVS-VIII 43 G→A, found in three male subjects with mild deficiency of class III variant. The third mutation is in the exon region so that it changes the primary structure of the molecule. It is cited for the first time and named G6PD Tunisia. This variant affects the exon 7 of the gene at genomic position 15435 G→T. Its cDNA position is 93 G→G/T, it changes arg 246 to leu. This mutation was found in one heterozygote female with deficiency of class II who have had hemolytic anemia due to ingestion of fava beans. Finally, G6PD Med variant, reported before in three cases, was also found in five other cases (four heterozygote females and one male hemizygote). These findings first enlarge the spectre of mutations to be ten variant mutations, characterizing the Tunisian population and also contribute with hemoglobin gene research in our laboratory to trace the whole genetic map of Tunisian population.
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B. Bendaoud, I. Hosni, I. Mosbahi, R. Hafsia, C. Prehu, et al.. Three new mutations account for the prevalence of glucose 6 phosphate deshydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency in Tunisia.. Pathologie Biologie, Elsevier Masson, 2012, epub ahead of print. ⟨10.1016/j.patbio.2012.03.005⟩. ⟨pasteur-00733201⟩

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