S. Dellicour, A. Tatem, C. Guerra, R. Snow, and F. Ter-kuile, Quantifying the Number of Pregnancies at Risk of Malaria in 2007: A Demographic Study, PLoS Medicine, vol.47, issue.1, p.1000221, 2010.
DOI : 10.1371/journal.pmed.1000221.s004

P. Boeuf, A. Tan, C. Romagosa, J. Radford, V. Mwapasa et al., Placental Hypoxia during Placental Malaria, The Journal of Infectious Diseases, vol.197, issue.5, pp.757-765, 2008.
DOI : 10.1086/526521

URL : http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2760295

U. Wort, U. Warsame, M. Brabin, and B. , Potential use of birthweight indicators in rural Tanzania for monitoring malaria control in pregnancy. Publ Health, pp.923-932, 2008.

C. Menendez, Malaria during pregnancy: A priority area of malaria research and control, Parasitology Today, vol.11, issue.5, pp.178-183, 1995.
DOI : 10.1016/0169-4758(95)80151-0

B. Brabin, S. Maxwell, L. Chimsuku, F. Verhoeff, H. Van-der-kaay et al., A study of the consequences of malarial infection in pregnant women and their infants, Parassitologia, pp.359-370, 1993.

R. Steketee, B. Nahlen, M. Parise, and C. Menendez, The burden of malaria in pregnancy in malaria-endemic areas, AmJTrop Med Hyg, vol.64, pp.1-2, 2001.

G. Sedgh, S. Henshaw, S. Singh, E. Ahman, and I. Shah, Induced abortion: estimated rates and trends worldwide, The Lancet, vol.370, issue.9595, pp.1338-1345, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/S0140-6736(07)61575-X

E. Jelliffe, Low birth-weight and malarial infection of the placenta, Bull World Health Organ, vol.38, pp.69-78, 1968.

L. Schultz, R. Steketee, A. Macheso, P. Kazembe, L. Chitsulo et al., The efficacy of antimalarial regimens containing sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine and/or chloroquine in preventing peripheral and placental Plasmodium falciparum infection among pregnant women in Malawi, Am J Trop Med Hyg, issue.5, pp.51515-522, 1994.

P. Phillips-howard and D. Wood, The Safety of Antimalarial Drugs in Pregnancy, Drug Safety, vol.14, issue.3, pp.131-145, 1996.
DOI : 10.2165/00002018-199614030-00001

F. Nosten, R. Mcgready, U. Alessandro, A. Bonell, F. Verhoeff et al., Antimalarial Drugs in Pregnancy: A Review, Current Drug Safety, vol.1, issue.1, pp.1-15, 2006.
DOI : 10.2174/157488606775252584

C. Gamble, J. Ekwaru, and F. Ter-kuile, Insecticide-treated nets for preventing malaria in pregnancy, Cochrane Database Syst Rev, vol.71, issue.2, p.3755, 2006.
DOI : 10.1002/14651858.CD003755.pub2

V. Briand, L. Denoeud, A. Massougbodji, and M. Cot, Efficacy of Intermittent Preventive Treatment versus Chloroquine Prophylaxis to Prevent Malaria during Pregnancy in Benin, The Journal of Infectious Diseases, vol.198, issue.4, pp.594-601, 2008.
DOI : 10.1086/590114

A. Van-eijk, J. Ayisi, F. Ter-kuile, J. Otieno, A. Misore et al., Effectiveness of intermittent preventive treatment with sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine for control of malaria in pregnancy in western Kenya: a hospital-based study, Tropical Medicine and International Health, vol.55, issue.1, pp.351-360, 2004.
DOI : 10.1046/j.1365-3156.1999.00349.x

A. Mbonye, K. Hansen, I. Bygbjerg, and P. Magnussen, Intermittent preventive treatment of malaria in pregnancy: the incremental cost-effectiveness of a new delivery system in Uganda, Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, vol.102, issue.7, pp.685-693, 2008.
DOI : 10.1016/j.trstmh.2008.04.016

L. Schultz, R. Steketee, L. Chitsulo, and J. Wirima, Antimalarials during pregnancy: a cost-effectiveness analysis. Bull World Health Organ, pp.207-214, 1995.

E. Sicuri, A. Bardaji, T. Nhampossa, M. Maixenchs, A. Nhacolo et al., Cost-Effectiveness of Intermittent Preventive Treatment of Malaria in Pregnancy in Southern Mozambique, PLoS ONE, vol.5, issue.10, p.13407, 2010.
DOI : 10.1371/journal.pone.0013407.t002

E. Wolfe, M. Parise, A. Haddix, B. Nahlen, J. Ayisi et al., Cost-effectiveness of sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine for the prevention of malaria-associated low birth weight, AmJTrop Med Hyg, vol.64, pp.3-4178, 2001.

H. Guyatt, A. Noor, S. Ochola, and R. Snow, Use of intermittent presumptive treatment and insecticide treated bed nets by pregnant women in four Kenyan districts, Tropical Medicine and International Health, vol.68, issue.2, pp.255-261, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/S0140-6736(98)07318-8

A. Bardaji, B. Sigauque, L. Bruni, C. Romagosa, S. Sanz et al., Clinical malaria in African pregnant women, Malaria Journal, vol.7, issue.1, p.27, 2008.
DOI : 10.1186/1475-2875-7-27

A. Manirakiza, S. Njuimo, L. Faou, A. Malvy, D. Millet et al., Availability of Antimalarial Drugs and Evaluation of the Attitude and Practices for the Treatment of Uncomplicated Malaria in Bangui, Central African Republic, Journal of Tropical Medicine, vol.73, issue.2, p.510834, 2010.
DOI : 10.1093/ije/dyh253

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/pasteur-00540464

A. Manirakiza, G. Soula, R. Laganier, E. Klement, D. Djall et al., Pattern of the Antimalarials Prescription during Pregnancy in Bangui, Central African Republic, Malaria Research and Treatment, vol.53, issue.3, 2011.
DOI : 10.1186/1475-2875-7-27

A. Manirakiza, E. Serdouma, D. Djalle, G. Soula, R. Laganier et al., Relatively low prevalence of peripheral and placental Plasmodium infection at delivery in bangui, central african republic, J Trop Med, p.434816, 2011.

D. Menard, D. Djalle, A. Manirakiza, F. Yapou, V. Siadoua et al., Drug-resistant malaria in Bangui, Central African Republic: an in vitro assessment, AmJTrop Med Hyg, vol.73, issue.2, pp.239-243, 2005.

D. Menard, D. Djalle, F. Yapou, A. Manirakiza, and A. Talarmin, Frequency distribution of antimalarial drug-resistant alleles among isolates of Plasmodium falciparum in Bangui, Central African Republic, AmJTrop Med Hyg, vol.74, issue.2, pp.205-210, 2006.

H. Tagbor, J. Bruce, M. Agbo, B. Greenwood, and D. Chandramohan, Intermittent Screening and Treatment versus Intermittent Preventive Treatment of Malaria in Pregnancy: A Randomised Controlled Non-Inferiority Trial, PLoS ONE, vol.4, issue.12, p.14425, 2010.
DOI : 10.1371/journal.pone.0014425.s008

C. Uneke, Diagnosis of Plasmoduim falciparum malaria in pregnancy in sub-Saharan Africa: the challenges and public health implications, Parasitology Research, vol.16, issue.supplement 1, pp.333-342, 2008.
DOI : 10.1007/s00436-007-0782-6

L. Singer, R. Newman, A. Diarra, A. Moran, C. Huber et al., Evaluation of a malaria rapid diagnostic test for assessing the burden of malaria during pregnancy, AmJTrop Med Hyg, vol.70, issue.5, pp.481-485, 2004.

S. Rogerson, P. Mkundika, and M. Kanjala, Diagnosis of Plasmodium falciparum Malaria at Delivery: Comparison of Blood Film Preparation Methods and of Blood Films with Histology, Journal of Clinical Microbiology, vol.41, issue.4, pp.1370-1374, 2003.
DOI : 10.1128/JCM.41.4.1370-1374.2003

A. Sowunmi, A. Abohweyere, J. Akindele, A. Ilesanmi, C. Falade et al., Comparison of the incision and aspiration methods for the diagnosis of placental malaria infection, Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, vol.32, issue.5, pp.316-320, 1996.
DOI : 10.3109/01443619609030035

T. Smith, J. Schellenberg, and R. Hayes, Attributable fraction estimates and case definitions for malaria in endemic areas, pp.2345-2358, 1994.

M. Kamugisha, H. Msangeni, E. Beale, E. Malecela, J. Akida et al., Lemnge MM: Paracheck Pf compared with microscopy for diagnosis of Plasmodium falciparum malaria among children in Tanga City, north-eastern Tanzania, Tanzania J Health Res, vol.10, issue.1, pp.14-19, 2008.

L. Mboera, C. Fanello, R. Malima, A. Talbert, P. Fogliati et al., malaria in Tanzania, Annals of Tropical Medicine & Parasitology, vol.74, issue.2, pp.115-122, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/S0035-9203(97)90254-6

D. Bell, D. Wilson, and L. Martin, False-positive results of a Plasmodium falciparum histidine-rich protein 2-detecting malaria rapid diagnostic test due to high sensitivity in a community with fluctuating low parasite density, Am J Trop Med Hyg, vol.73, issue.1, pp.199-203, 2005.

T. Swarthout, H. Counihan, and R. Senga, van den Broek I: Paracheck-Pf accuracy and recently treated Plasmodium falciparum infections: is there a risk of over-diagnosis? Malar J, p.58, 2007.

M. Dhorda, P. Piola, D. Nyehangane, B. Tumwebaze, A. Nalusaji et al., Performance of a Histidine-Rich Protein 2 Rapid Diagnostic Test, Paracheck Pf(R), for Detection of Malaria Infections in Ugandan Pregnant Women, American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, vol.86, issue.1, pp.93-95
DOI : 10.4269/ajtmh.2012.10-0631

C. Sayang, G. Soula, R. Tahar, L. Basco, P. Gazin et al., Use of a histidine-rich protein 2-based rapid diagnostic test for malaria by health personnel during routine consultation of febrile outpatients in a peripheral health facility in Yaounde, Cameroon, AmJTrop Med Hyg, vol.81, issue.2, pp.343-347, 2009.

D. Bell and R. Peeling, Evaluation of rapid diagnostic tests: malaria, Nature Reviews Microbiology, vol.70, issue.9, pp.34-38, 2006.
DOI : 10.1038/nrmicro1524

B. Brabin, An analysis of malaria in pregnancy in Africa. Bull World Health Org, pp.1005-1016, 1983.

R. Leke, R. Djokam, R. Mbu, R. Leke, J. Fogako et al., Detection of the Plasmodium falciparum antigen histidine-rich protein 2 in blood of pregnant women: implications for diagnosing placental malaria, J Clin Microbiol, vol.37, issue.9, pp.2992-2996, 1999.

K. Leonard and M. Masatu, Outpatient process quality evaluation and the Hawthorne Effect, Social Science & Medicine, vol.63, issue.9, pp.2330-2340, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/j.socscimed.2006.06.003