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Strategy to characterize the number and type of repeating EPIYA phosphorylation motifs in the carboxyl terminus of CagA protein in Helicobacter pylori clinical isolates.

Abstract : Cytotoxin-associated gene A (CagA) diversity with regard to EPIYA-A, -B, -C, or -D phosphorylation motifs may play an important role in Helicobacter pylori pathogenesis, and therefore determination of these motifs in H. pylori clinical isolates can become a useful prognostic tool. We propose a strategy for the accurate determination of CagA EPIYA motifs in clinical strains, based upon one-step PCR amplification using primers that flank the EPIYA coding region. We thus analyzed 135 H. pylori isolates derived from 75 adults and 60 children Greek patients. A total of 34 cases were found to be EPIYA PCR negative and were consequently verified as cagA negative by cagA-specific PCR, empty-site cagA PCR, and Western blotting. Sequencing of the remaining 101 PCR-positive amplicons confirmed that an accurate prediction of the number of EPIYA motifs on the basis of size distribution of the PCR products was feasible in all cases. Furthermore, our assay could identify closely related H. pylori subclones within the same patient, harboring different numbers of EPIYA repeats. The prevalence of CagA proteins with three EPIYA motifs (ABC) or four EPIYA motifs (ABCC) was the same within the adult and children groups. However, CagA species with more than four EPIYA motifs were observed exclusively within adults (8.6%), suggesting that CagA-positive strains may acquire additional EPIYA-C motifs throughout adulthood. Our strategy requires no initial cagA screening of the clinical isolates and can accurately predict the number of EPIYA repeats in single or multiple closely related subclones bearing different numbers of EPIYA motifs in their CagA, which may coexist within the same patient.
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https://hal-riip.archives-ouvertes.fr/pasteur-00734696
Contributor : Dionyssios Sgouras <>
Submitted on : Monday, September 24, 2012 - 12:16:04 PM
Last modification on : Monday, October 8, 2018 - 5:44:06 PM

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Effrosini G Panayotopoulou, Dionyssios N Sgouras, Konstantinos Papadakos, Antonios Kalliaropoulos, George Papatheodoridis, et al.. Strategy to characterize the number and type of repeating EPIYA phosphorylation motifs in the carboxyl terminus of CagA protein in Helicobacter pylori clinical isolates.. Journal of Clinical Microbiology, American Society for Microbiology, 2007, 45 (2), pp.488-95. ⟨10.1128/JCM.01616-06⟩. ⟨pasteur-00734696⟩

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