Effects of combined treatments of irradiation and antimicrobial coatings on reduction of food pathogens in broccoli florets

Abstract : The effect of combined treatment of antimicrobial coatings and γ-radiation on reduction of food pathogens such as Listeria monocytogenes, Escherichia coli, and Salmonella Typhimurium was evaluated in broccoli florets. Broccoli florets were inoculated with pathogenic bacteria at 106 CFU/g. Inoculated florets were then coated with methylcellulose-based coating containing various mixtures of antimicrobial agents: organic acids (OAs) plus lactic acid bacteria metabolites (LABs), OA plus citrus extract (CE), OA plus CE plus spice mixture (SM), and OA plus rosemary extract (RE). Coated florets were irradiated with various doses (0-3.3 kGy), and microbial analyses were used to calculate the D10 value and radiosensitive relative. The coating containing OA plus CE was the most effective formulation for increasing the sensitization of Escherichia coli by 2.4 times as compared to the control without the antimicrobial coating. For Salmonella Typhimurium, coating containing OA plus LAB was the most effective formulation, increasing radiosensitivity by 2.4 times as well. All antimicrobial coatings had almost the same effect of increasing the sensitivity of Listeria monocytogenes (from 1.31 to 1.45 times) to γ-irradiation.
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Submitted on : Thursday, October 18, 2012 - 8:16:10 PM
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P. N. Takala, S. Salmiéri, K. D. Vu, Monique Lacroix. Effects of combined treatments of irradiation and antimicrobial coatings on reduction of food pathogens in broccoli florets. Radiation Physics and Chemistry, Elsevier, 2011, 80 (12), pp.1414-1418. ⟨10.1016/j.radphyschem.2011.07.005⟩. ⟨pasteur-00743401⟩

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