Aqueous extract of Vitex trifolia L. (Labiatae) inhibits LPS-dependent regulation of inflammatory mediators in RAW 264.7 macrophages through inhibition of Nuclear Factor kappa B translocation and expression.

Abstract : ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Vitex trifolia L. (Labiatae), a widespread tree found from the Asia-Pacific to the east Africa regions is used in the traditional medicine of the Pacific islands to treat inflammatory-associated conditions. AIM OF THE STUDY: We herein evaluated its in vitro regulatory effects on the expression profile of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammatory genes focusing on regulation of chemokines C-X-C motif 10 (CXCL-10) and C-C motif ligand 3 (CCL-3) and cyclo-oxygenase (COX)-2. Furthermore, the plant effect on the LPS-mediated activation of Nuclear Factor kappa B (NF-κB) was also studied. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Aqueous extract of Vitex trifolia leaves was prepared and evaluated for its effect on LPS-induced stress and toxicity-related genes in RAW 264.7 macrophage cells using RT(2) Profiler Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) Array System. Effects of the extract on LPS-induced chemokines CCL-3 and CXCL-10, COX-2, and NF-κB p50 and p65 mRNA levels were also studied using Reverse Transcription quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) technique. Translocation of the nuclear factor was further assessed by measuring its nuclear p65 subunit via an ELISA-based TransAM method. RESULTS: Vitex trifolia extract at 5000μg/ml exerted a significant inhibitory effect on the expression of various LPS-induced inflammatory genes in RAW 264.7 cells after 8h of incubation time. Using RT-qPCR, this anti-inflammatory effect was further confirmed by significant inhibition of CCL-3 and CXCL-10 mRNA production in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells upon treatment with 2500μg/ml of Vitex trifolia extract. Furthermore, the inhibitory activity of this plant on LPS-induced COX-2 mRNA was also observed at a concentration of 2500μg/ml in a time-dependent manner. TransAM assays showed that LPS-induced NF-κB translocation was also inhibited by Vitex trifolia extract even at a concentration of extract as low as 250μg/ml. RT-qPCR assays showed that aqueous extract of Vitex trifolia leaves had a significant inhibitory activity on LPS-induced p50 mRNA synthesis. Interestingly, however, no effect on p65 subunit mRNA expression was observed. Moreover, PCR array analysis showed that LPS-induced inflammatory and apoptosis genes under NF-κB control are also repressed by the extract. CONCLUSION: The anti-inflammatory properties of Vitex trifolia extract seem associated with inhibition of NF-κB translocation through a reduction in the expression level of NF-κB p50 but interestingly not p65 subunit mRNA. The regulatory effects of Vitex trifolia on NF-κB and consequently on inflammation mediators such as chemokines CCL-3 and CXCL-10, and COX-2 provide new evidence of its efficacy and emphasise its high potential therapeutic value. However, further in vivo experiments are still required to validate its utilization as a remedy against inflammatory diseases.
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Submitted on : Sunday, October 28, 2012 - 11:46:33 PM
Last modification on : Monday, April 29, 2019 - 5:19:43 PM

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Mariko Matsui, Minou Adib-Conquy, Agnès Coste, Shilpa Kumar-Roiné, Bernard Pipy, et al.. Aqueous extract of Vitex trifolia L. (Labiatae) inhibits LPS-dependent regulation of inflammatory mediators in RAW 264.7 macrophages through inhibition of Nuclear Factor kappa B translocation and expression.. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Elsevier, 2012, 143 (1), pp.24-32. ⟨10.1016/j.jep.2012.05.043⟩. ⟨pasteur-00746414⟩

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