Influenza virosome/DNA vaccine complex as a new formulation to induce intra-subtypic protection against influenza virus challenge.

Abstract : Influenza virosome is one of the commercially available vaccines that have been used for a number of years. Like other influenza vaccines, the efficacy of the virosomal vaccine is significantly compromised when circulating viruses do not have a good match with vaccine strains due to antigenic drift or less frequent emergence of a pandemic virus. A major advantage of virosome over other influenza vaccine platforms is its intrinsic adjuvant activity and potential carrier capability which have been exploited in this study to broaden vaccine protectivity by incorporating a conserved component of influenza virus in seasonal vaccine formulation. Influenza nucleoprotein (NP)-encoding plasmid was adsorbed onto surface of influenza virosomes as a virosome/DNA vaccine complex. Mice were immunized with a single dose of the influenza virosome attached with the NP plasmid or NP plasmid alone where both influenza virosomes and NP gene were derived from influenza A virus H1N1 New/Caledonia strain. Analysis of the cellular immune responses showed that 5μg (10-fold reduced dose) of the NP plasmid attached to the virosomes induced T cell responses equivalent to those elicited by 50μg of NP plasmid alone as assessed by IFN-γ and granzyme B ELISPOT. Furthermore, the influenza virosome/NP plasmid complex protected mice against intra-subtypic challenge with the mouse adapted H1N1 PR8 virus, while mice immunized with the virosome alone did not survive. Results of hemagglutination inhibition test showed that the observed intra-subtypic cross-protection could not be attributed to neutralizing antibodies. These findings suggest that influenza virosomes could be equipped with an NP-encoding plasmid in a dose-sparing fashion to elicit anti-influenza cytotoxic immune responses and broaden the vaccine coverage against antigenic drift.
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Masoumeh Tavassoti Kheiri, Abbas Jamali, Mohammad Shenagari, Hamidreza Hashemi, Farzaneh Sabahi, et al.. Influenza virosome/DNA vaccine complex as a new formulation to induce intra-subtypic protection against influenza virus challenge.. Antiviral Research, Elsevier Masson, 2012, 95 (3), pp.229-36. ⟨10.1016/j.antiviral.2012.07.003⟩. ⟨pasteur-00747004⟩

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