Effects of rhamnolipid-biosurfactant on cell surface of Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

Abstract : The effect of rhamnolipid-biosurfactant produced by Pseudomonas sp. PS-17 on cell surface structures of Pseudomonas aeruginosa NBIMCC 1390 was studied. The results demonstrated that the rhamnolipid at concentrations below and above CMC provoked a multi-component response of the bacterial cells without affecting their growth and viability. Above CMC, the rhamnolipid caused reduction of total cellular LPS content of 22%, which can be associated with an increase in cell hydrophobicity to 31% adherence. The rhamnolipid-biosurfactant at concentration below CMC did not affect the LPS component of the bacterial outer membrane but caused changes in OMP composition of P. aeruginosa. Examination of the OMP profiles revealed that the amount of major proteins (Opr F, Opr D, Opr J and Opr M) markedly decreased. To our knowledge this is the first report on the rhamnolipid-biosurfactant interactions with bacterial cells showing changes in outer membrane proteins of P. aeruginosa. In both concentrations, the biosurfactant caused changes in cell surface morphology. The results indicate that the rhamnolipid-biosurfactant from Pseudomonas sp. PS-17 has a potential application in the relatively new field of biomedicine.
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A. Sotirova, D. Spasova, E. Vasileva-Tonkova, D. Galabova. Effects of rhamnolipid-biosurfactant on cell surface of Pseudomonas aeruginosa.. Microbiological Research, Elsevier, 2009, 164 (3), pp.297-303. ⟨10.1016/j.micres.2007.01.005⟩. ⟨pasteur-00748968⟩

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