Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
New interface
Journal articles

Traditional medicine in north Côte-d'Ivoire: screening of 50 medicinal plants for antibacterial activity.

Abstract : Sixty-seven crude ethanol extracts from 50 plants (31 families), which are used in North Côte-d'Ivoire as traditional remedies for bacterial diseases, were screened for in vitro activity against Gram negative (Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa) and Gram positive (Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus faecalis, Streptococcus pyogenes and Bacillus subtilis) bacteria. Thirty-one extracts showed antibacterial activity only on Gram positive bacteria. Of these, 10 extracts from 10 plant species had a promising level of activity against bacteria including strains resistant to antibiotics such as aminosides, penicillin M, macrolides, lincosamide and streptrogramin B. The most active was Erythrina senegalensis DC (Fabaceae) followed by Bobgunnia madagascariensis (Desv.) J.H. Kirkbr. & Wiersema (Caesalpinaceae), Waltheria lanceolata R. Br. ex Mast. (Sterculiaceae), Uapaca togoensis Pax. (Euphorbiaceae), Ximenia americana L. (Olacaceae), Khaya senegalensis (Ders.) A. Juss. (Meliaceae), Lannea acida A. Rich. (Anacardiaceae), Cissus populnea Guill. & Perr. (Vitaceae), Keetia hispida (Benth.) Bridson (Rubiaceae) and Ficus thonningii (Miq.) A. Rich. (Moraceae). This is the first report of the antibacterial potency of these 10 plant species on a range of bacteria. The results provided evidence that some of the studied plants might indeed be potential sources of new antibacterial agents, also against some antibiotic-resistant strains.
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadata

Cited literature [18 references]  Display  Hide  Download
Contributor : Mireille Dosso Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, December 7, 2012 - 10:00:00 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, September 1, 2022 - 8:44:06 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Saturday, December 17, 2016 - 10:15:53 PM


 Restricted access
To satisfy the distribution rights of the publisher, the document is embargoed until : jamais

Please log in to resquest access to the document




W. M. Koné, K Kamanzi Atindehou, C. Terreaux, K. Hostettmann, D. Traoré, et al.. Traditional medicine in north Côte-d'Ivoire: screening of 50 medicinal plants for antibacterial activity.. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 2004, 93 (1), pp.43-9. ⟨10.1016/j.jep.2004.03.006⟩. ⟨pasteur-00762380⟩



Record views