Antimicrobial effects of fractions from cranberry products on the growth of seven pathogenic bacteria

Abstract : The antimicrobial effect of thirty HPLC fractions of different polarity obtained from two cranberry juices and three extracts (anthocyanins, water-soluble and apolar phenolic compounds) isolated from frozen cranberries and pomace was investigated against seven bacterial strains (Enterococcus faecium resistant to vancomycin (ERV), Escherichia coli O157:H7 EDL 933, Escherichia coli ATCC 25922, Listeria monocytogenes HPB 2812, Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 15442; Salmonella Typhimurium SL1344 and Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 29213) The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and the maximal tolerated concentration (MTC) of each fraction were determined for each pathogen using a 96-well microtiter plate method. The results, reported in μg phenol/mL, indicated that all the bacterial strains, both Gram-positive and Gram-negative, were selectively inhibited by the cranberry phenolic compounds. All pathogens were very sensitive to at least seven fractions with MTCs below 2 μg phenol/mL and five fractions with MICs below 10 μg phenol/mL. In addition, four fractions rich in apolar phenolic compounds were very efficient against all bacteria with MICs below 10 μg phenol/mL, and twenty five fractions completely inhibited microbial growth with MICs below100 μg phenol/well. L. monocytogenes exhibited the highest sensitivity with twelve very active fractions (MTCs and MICs below 1 and 10 μg phenol/mL, respectively) while E. coli O157H7 was the least sensitive to twenty seven fractions (with the highest MICs). Also, it appears that the technological process to manufacture cranberry juice can reduce the antimicrobial activity of phenolic fractions.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 30, 2013 - 10:07:36 PM
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Stéphane Caillet, Jacinthe Côté, Jean-François Sylvain, Monique Lacroix. Antimicrobial effects of fractions from cranberry products on the growth of seven pathogenic bacteria. Food Control, Elsevier, 2012, 23 (2), pp.419-428. ⟨10.1016/j.foodcont.2011.08.010⟩. ⟨pasteur-00819366⟩

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