Sequential recruitment of the endoplasmic reticulum and chloroplasts for plant potyvirus replication.

Abstract : The replication of positive-strand RNA viruses occurs in cytoplasmic membrane-bound virus replication complexes (VRCs). Depending on the virus, distinct cellular organelles such as the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), chloroplast, mitochondrion, endosome, and peroxisome are recruited for the formation of VRC-associated membranous structures. Previously, the 6,000-molecular-weight protein (6K) of plant potyviruses was shown to be an integral membrane protein that induces the formation of 6K-containing membranous vesicles at endoplasmic reticulum (ER) exit sites for potyvirus genome replication. Here, we present evidence that the 6K-induced vesicles predominantly target chloroplasts, where they amalgamate and induce chloroplast membrane invaginations. The vesicular transport pathway and actomyosin motility system are involved in the trafficking of the 6K vesicles from the ER to chloroplasts. Viral RNA, double-stranded RNA, and viral replicase components are concentrated at the 6K vesicles that associate with chloroplasts in infected cells, suggesting that these chloroplast-bound 6K vesicles are the site for potyvirus replication. Taken together, these results suggest that plant potyviruses sequentially recruit the ER and chloroplasts for their genome replication.
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Taiyun Wei, Tyng-Shyan Huang, Jamie Mcneil, Jean-François Laliberté, Jian Hong, et al.. Sequential recruitment of the endoplasmic reticulum and chloroplasts for plant potyvirus replication.. Journal of Virology, American Society for Microbiology, 2010, 84 (2), pp.799-809. ⟨10.1128/JVI.01824-09⟩. ⟨pasteur-00819521⟩

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