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Engineered measles virus as a novel oncolytic therapy against prostate cancer.

Abstract : BACKGROUND: No curative therapy is currently available for locally advanced or metastatic prostate cancer. Oncolytic viruses represent a novel class of therapeutic agents that demonstrates no cross-resistance with existing approaches and can therefore be combined with conventional treatment modalities. Measles virus strains deriving from the Edmonston (MV-Edm) vaccine strain have shown considerable oncolytic activity against a variety of solid tumers and hematologic malignancies. In this study, we investigated the antitumor potential of recombinant MV-Edm derivatives as novel oncolytic agents against prostate cancer. METHODS: The susceptibility of prostate cancer cell lines (PC-3, DU-145, and LNCaP) to measles virus infection was demonstrated using an MV-Edm derivative expressing green fluorescent protein (GFP). MV-Edm replication in prostate cancer cell lines was assessed by one step viral growth curves. The oncolytic effect of an MV-Edm strain engineered to express the human carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) was demonstrated in vitro by MTT assays and in vivo in subcutaneous PC-3 xenografts. CEA levels were quantitated in cell supernatants and mouse serum samples. RESULTS: Recombinant MV-Edm strains can effectively infect, replicate in and kill prostate cancer cells. Intratumoral administration of MV-CEA at a total dose of 6 x 10(6) TCID50 resulted in statistically significant tumor growth delay (P = 0.004) and prolongation of survival (P = 0.001) in a subcutaneous PC-3 xenograft model. Viral growth kinetics paralleled CEA production. CONCLUSIONS: MV-CEA has potent antitumor activity against prostate cancer cell lines and xenografts. Viral gene expression during treatment can be determined by monitoring of CEA levels in the serum; the latter could allow dose optimization and tailoring of individualized treatment protocols.
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https://hal-riip.archives-ouvertes.fr/pasteur-00819659
Contributor : Charles M. Dozois <>
Submitted on : Thursday, May 2, 2013 - 4:44:08 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, January 14, 2020 - 1:36:09 PM

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Pavlos Msaouel, Ianko D Iankov, Cory Allen, John C Morris, Veronika von Messling, et al.. Engineered measles virus as a novel oncolytic therapy against prostate cancer.. Prostate, Wiley, 2009, 69 (1), pp.82-91. ⟨10.1002/pros.20857⟩. ⟨pasteur-00819659⟩

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