Molecular imaging of monocrotaline-induced pulmonary vascular disease with radiolabeled linear adrenomedullin.

Abstract : UNLABELLED: No test currently exists for molecular imaging of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Adrenomedullin is a vasodilator peptide predominantly cleared by pulmonary endothelial receptors. We developed a linear adrenomedullin derivative radiolabeled with (99m)Tc ((99m)Tc-AM-L) for imaging of pulmonary circulation and tested its capacity to detect anomalies of pulmonary circulation caused by PAH. METHODS: PAH was induced by monocrotaline in rats and compared with controls. After 5 wk, (99m)Tc-AM-L was injected intravenously. Plasma kinetics were measured, lung activity was determined in vivo after 30 min using a nuclear camera, and lung activity was determined ex vivo in explanted lungs. Expression of adrenomedullin receptors was measured in lung homogenates. RESULTS: The plasma levels of (99m)Tc-AM-L significantly increased in PAH by approximately 2-fold. Uptake by the lungs was homogeneous but greatly reduced in PAH by about 70%. In vivo retention was 14% +/- 1% (mean +/- SD) of the injected dose in controls and 4% +/- 1% in PAH (P < 0.0001). A similar reduction was measured ex vivo (6.0 +/- 1.6 percentage injected dose per gram [%ID/g] vs. 0.95 +/- 0.21 %ID/g, P < 0.0001). The expression of the heterodimeric component of the adrenomedullin receptor, receptor activity modifying protein 2, was also greatly reduced in PAH lungs (P < 0.001). Interestingly, right ventricular uptake of (99m)Tc-AM-L was increased by PAH (P = 0.02) and correlated with the degree of right ventricular hypertrophy (r = 0.83, P = 0.001). CONCLUSION: Pulmonary uptake of (99m)Tc-AM-L is greatly reduced in monocrotaline-induced PAH. This novel molecular imaging agent may be useful in the diagnosis and follow-up of pulmonary vascular disorders.
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Submitted on : Thursday, May 2, 2013 - 8:11:55 PM
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Jocelyn Dupuis, François Harel, Yan Fu, Quang Trinh Nguyen, Myriam Letourneau, et al.. Molecular imaging of monocrotaline-induced pulmonary vascular disease with radiolabeled linear adrenomedullin.. Journal of Nuclear Medicine, Society of Nuclear Medicine, 2009, 50 (7), pp.1110-5. ⟨10.2967/jnumed.108.059428⟩. ⟨pasteur-00819938⟩

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