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Diversity of the C-terminal portion of the biphenyl dioxygenase large subunit.

Abstract : The biphenyl dioxygenase (BPDO) catalyses a stereospecific dioxygenation of biphenyl and analogs of it. Aside from being involved in the destruction and detoxification of toxic pollutants in soil, in the context of the green chemistry concept, this enzyme is a promising biocatalyst to design new more selective and more environmentally friendly approaches to manufacture fine chemicals. At this time, most of our knowledge about the variability of key residues determining the substrate specificity and regiospecificity of the enzyme oxygenase component (BphAE) toward biphenyl analogs and about the effect of altering these residues on catalytic properties is based on investigations made with BphAEs from cultured organisms and engineered enzymes derived from them. The purpose of this work was to examine the diversity of the amino acid sequence patterns of the alpha subunit (BphA) C-terminal domain deduced from PCR products amplified from DNA extracted from cultured bacteria of various phylogenetic lines and from the soil microflora of PCB-contaminated soils. Of special interest were segments of the C-terminal portion called regions I, III and IV. Altogether, the phylogenetic tree obtained from aligning the deduced amino acid sequences of BphAs C-terminal domain from cultured bacteria belonging to various ecological niches and from uncultured soil bacteria reveals that most of the BphAs were linked to the three clusters of BphAs previously reported. However, few belong to new branches that diverge from the previously known branches showing a high diversity of BphAs in natural environment. Furthermore, data show a wide distribution of BphAs with family linkages that not only crosses bacterial taxonomic frontiers but also ecological niches. Nevertheless, in spite of this divergence, the sequence patterns of regions III and IV amino acids that are known to influence substrate specificity and regiospecificity are rather conserved among BphAs and the pattern was independent of the family cluster to which they belong. In most cases, regions III and IV amino acid patterns are closer to those of Pseudomonas pseudoalcaligenes KF707 BphA1 than to the most versatile Burkholderia xenovorans LB400 BphA. This might suggest that the PCB-degrading potency of soil bacteria is closer to the one observed for KF707 BphAE than from LB400 BphAE. However, the fact that among less than 20 PCR products amplified from soil DNA that we have sequenced, one of them was very homologous to that of LB400 BphA and in addition, residues 335 and 336 of LB400 were replaced by residues that previous enzyme engineering had shown to extend the range of PCB substrate used by the enzyme strongly suggest that PCB-degrading bacteria are evolving in soil to optimize their PCB-degrading capacity.
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Submitted on : Thursday, May 2, 2013 - 9:16:08 PM
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Julie Vézina, Diane Barriault, Michel Sylvestre. Diversity of the C-terminal portion of the biphenyl dioxygenase large subunit.. Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology, Karger, 2008, 15 (2-3), pp.139-51. ⟨10.1159/000121326⟩. ⟨pasteur-00819967⟩



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