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Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide inhibits caspase-3 activity but does not protect cerebellar granule neurons against beta-amyloid (25-35)-induced apoptosis.

Abstract : The beta-amyloid (Abeta) peptide Abeta25-35 provokes apoptosis of cerebellar granule cells through activation of caspase-3 while the neuropeptide pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) promotes granule cell survival by inhibiting caspase-3 activation through the intrinsic apoptotic pathway. The aim of the present study was to determine whether PACAP could prevent Abeta25-35 neurotoxicity by inhibiting caspase-3 activity. A 24-h exposure of cultured cerebellar granule cells to Abeta25-35 induced shrinkage of cell bodies, neurite retraction and alteration of mitochondrial activity. Administration of graded concentrations (10-80 microM) of Abeta25-35 induced a dose-related decrease of the number of living cells, and the neurotoxic effect was highly significant after a 24-h exposure to 80 microM Abeta25-35. Exposure of cerebellar granule cells to Abeta25-35 markedly enhanced caspase-3 but not caspase-9 activity. Co-incubation with 1 microM PACAP significantly reduced Abeta25-35-evoked caspase-3 activation. In contrast, PACAP did not prevent the deleterious effects of Abeta25-35 on mitochondrial potential and granule cell survival. Taken together, these data suggest that caspase-3 activation is not the main pathway activated by Abeta25-35 that leads to granule cell death. The results also demonstrate that PACAP cannot be considered as a potent neuroprotective factor against Abeta25-35-induced apoptosis in cerebellar granule neurons.
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https://hal-riip.archives-ouvertes.fr/pasteur-00820042
Contributor : Charles M. Dozois <>
Submitted on : Friday, May 3, 2013 - 4:11:04 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, January 29, 2020 - 1:50:20 PM

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David Vaudry, Cécile Cottet-Rousselle, Magali Basille, Anthony Falluel-Morel, Alain Fournier, et al.. Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide inhibits caspase-3 activity but does not protect cerebellar granule neurons against beta-amyloid (25-35)-induced apoptosis.. Regulatory Peptides, Elsevier, 2004, 123 (1-3), pp.43-9. ⟨10.1016/j.regpep.2004.05.025⟩. ⟨pasteur-00820042⟩

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