In Silico Design and Selection of Anti-fungal AmB-polyene-analog Lead Molecules by Virtual Screening Method.

Abstract : A major group of drugs that have been approved for the therapy of systemic fungal infections are polyene antibiotics. Amphotericin B (AmB), one of the polyene antibiotics, has been used to treat serious systemic fungal infections by binding to sterols such as ergosterol in fungal cells membrane, and is believed to form pores in the membrane and create a transmembrane ion-channel. Since all eukaryotic cells contain sterols, using AmB can cause toxicity in mammalian cells; this is the most serious unwanted side effect. Therefore, there is still a need to develop suitable antifungal compounds to be entered in the drug development pipeline. In this study, we report the screening of various compounds from the Enhanced NCI database against ergosterol and cholesterol as receptors. The strategy employed is divided into two categories, screening and docking, respectively. Screening was performed using structure search based on AmB and molecular constraints to filter compounds with physico-chemical properties similar to the polyene macrolid antibiotics. The selected compounds were docked and scored to identify structurally novel ligands that make similar interactions to AmB. Our screening approach identified several molecules with high ranking criteria mentioned above. Among these compounds, two molecules, NSC 89270 and NSC 62792 were tested for their bioactivity against three fungal strains using broth microdilution assay that presented to have moderate antifungal activity against tested fungi. Thus, they could be possible lead compounds that grant further research on them to improve their potency and compare their mechanism of action in comparison to AmB.
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Marziyeh Ferdosiyan, Soroush Sardari. In Silico Design and Selection of Anti-fungal AmB-polyene-analog Lead Molecules by Virtual Screening Method.. Avicenna Journal of Medical Biotechnology, Avicenna Research Institute, 2010, 2 (3), pp.137-143. ⟨pasteur-00821605⟩

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