Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

Plague Circulation and Population Genetics of the Reservoir Rattus rattus: The Influence of Topographic Relief on the Distribution of the Disease within the Madagascan Focus.

Abstract : BACKGROUND: Landscape may affect the distribution of infectious diseases by influencing the population density and dispersal of hosts and vectors. Plague (Yersinia pestis infection) is a highly virulent, re-emerging disease, the ecology of which has been scarcely studied in Africa. Human seroprevalence data for the major plague focus of Madagascar suggest that plague spreads heterogeneously across the landscape as a function of the relief. Plague is primarily a disease of rodents. We therefore investigated the relationship between disease distribution and the population genetic structure of the black rat, Rattus rattus, the main reservoir of plague in Madagascar. METHODOLOGYPRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We conducted a comparative study of plague seroprevalence and genetic structure (15 microsatellite markers) in rat populations from four geographic areas differing in topology, each covering about 150-200 km(2) within the Madagascan plague focus. The seroprevalence levels in the rat populations mimicked those previously reported for humans. As expected, rat populations clearly displayed a more marked genetic structure with increasing relief. However, the relationship between seroprevalence data and genetic structure differs between areas, suggesting that plague distribution is not related everywhere to the effective dispersal of rats. CONCLUSIONSSIGNIFICANCE: Genetic diversity estimates suggested that plague epizootics had only a weak impact on rat population sizes. In the highlands of Madagascar, plague dissemination cannot be accounted for solely by the effective dispersal of the reservoir. Human social activities may also be involved in spreading the disease in rat and human populations.
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadatas

Cited literature [65 references]  Display  Hide  Download

https://hal-riip.archives-ouvertes.fr/pasteur-00835065
Contributor : Princy Rakotoarison <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, June 18, 2013 - 8:49:25 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, July 22, 2020 - 9:24:02 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, April 4, 2017 - 11:42:18 PM

File

23755317BrouatCPLoSNeglTropDis...
Publisher files allowed on an open archive

Identifiers

Citation

Carine Brouat, Soanandrasana Rahelinirina, Anne Loiseau, Lila Rahalison, Minoarisoa Rajerison, et al.. Plague Circulation and Population Genetics of the Reservoir Rattus rattus: The Influence of Topographic Relief on the Distribution of the Disease within the Madagascan Focus.. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, Public Library of Science, 2013, 7 (6), pp.e2266. ⟨10.1371/journal.pntd.0002266⟩. ⟨pasteur-00835065⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

688

Files downloads

671