J. Uriz, J. Reparaz, J. Castiello, and J. Sola, Tuberculosis in patients with HIV infection], An Sist Sanit Navar, vol.30, issue.2, pp.131-142, 2007.

R. Wallis, M. Pai, D. Menzies, T. Doherty, and G. Walzl, Biomarkers and diagnostics for tuberculosis: progress, needs, and translation into practice, The Lancet, vol.375, issue.9729, pp.1920-1937, 2010.
DOI : 10.1016/S0140-6736(10)60359-5

D. Russell, Mycobacterium tuberculosis: here today, and here tomorrow, Nature Reviews Molecular Cell Biology, vol.59, issue.8, pp.569-577, 2001.
DOI : 10.1038/35085034

S. Kaufmann, How can immunology contribute to the control of tuberculosis?, Nature Reviews Immunology, vol.97, issue.1, pp.20-30, 2001.
DOI : 10.1038/35095558

A. Hirsh, A. Tsolaki, K. Deriemer, M. Feldman, and P. Small, Stable association between strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and their human host populations, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol.101, issue.14, pp.4871-4876, 2004.
DOI : 10.1073/pnas.0305627101

G. Rook, K. Dheda, and A. Zumla, Do successful tuberculosis vaccines need to be immunoregulatory rather than merely Th1-boosting?, Vaccine, vol.23, issue.17-18, pp.2115-2120, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.vaccine.2005.01.069

J. Keane, M. Balcewicz-sablinska, H. Remold, G. Chupp, and B. Meek, Infection by Mycobacterium tuberculosis promotes human alveolar macrophage apoptosis, Infect Immun, vol.65, pp.298-304, 1997.

N. Perskvist, M. Long, O. Stendahl, and L. Zheng, Mycobacterium tuberculosis Promotes Apoptosis in Human Neutrophils by Activating Caspase-3 and Altering Expression of Bax/Bcl-xL Via an Oxygen-Dependent Pathway, The Journal of Immunology, vol.168, issue.12, pp.6358-6365, 2002.
DOI : 10.4049/jimmunol.168.12.6358

U. Schaible, F. Winau, P. Sieling, K. Fischer, and H. Collins, Apoptosis facilitates antigen presentation to T lymphocytes through MHC-I and CD1 in tuberculosis, Nature Medicine, vol.9, issue.8, pp.1039-1046, 2003.
DOI : 10.1038/nm906

M. Abebe, L. Kim, G. Rook, A. Aseffa, and L. Wassie, Modulation of cell death by M. tuberculosis as a strategy for pathogen survival, Clin Dev Immunol, p.678570, 2011.

T. Tsao, J. Hong, L. Li, M. Hsieh, and S. Liao, Imbalances Between Tumor Necrosis Factor-?? and Its Soluble Receptor Forms, and Interleukin-1?? and Interleukin-1 Receptor Antagonist in BAL Fluid of Cavitary Pulmonary Tuberculosis, Chest, vol.117, issue.1, pp.103-109, 2000.
DOI : 10.1378/chest.117.1.103

C. Hirsch, J. Johnson, A. Okwera, R. Kanost, and M. Wu, Mechanisms of Apoptosis of T-Cells in Human Tuberculosis, Journal of Clinical Immunology, vol.281, issue.4, pp.353-364, 2005.
DOI : 10.1007/s10875-005-4841-4

M. Balcewicz-sablinska, J. Keane, H. Kornfeld, and H. Remold, Pathogenic Mycobacterium tuberculosis evades apoptosis of host macrophages by release of TNF-R2, resulting in inactivation of TNF-alpha, J Immunol, vol.161, pp.2636-2641, 1998.

N. Wilson, V. Dixit, and A. Ashkenazi, Death receptor signal transducers: nodes of coordination in immune signaling networks, Nature Immunology, vol.25, issue.4, pp.348-355, 2009.
DOI : 10.1038/ni.1714

M. Kundu, S. Pathak, K. Kumawat, S. Basu, and G. Chatterjee, A TNF- and c-Cbl-dependent FLIPS-degradation pathway and its function in Mycobacterium tuberculosis???induced macrophage apoptosis, Nature Immunology, vol.8, issue.8, pp.918-926, 2009.
DOI : 10.1038/ni.1754

J. Turner, D. Souza, C. Pearl, J. Marietta, P. Noel et al., CD8- and CD95/95L-Dependent Mechanisms of Resistance in Mice with Chronic Pulmonary Tuberculosis, American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology, vol.24, issue.2, pp.203-209, 2001.
DOI : 10.1165/ajrcmb.24.2.4370

I. Ch-'en, J. Tsau, J. Molkentin, M. Komatsu, and S. Hedrick, Mechanisms of necroptosis in T cells, J Exp Med, vol.208, pp.633-641, 2011.

A. Oberst, C. Dillon, R. Weinlich, L. Mccormick, and P. Fitzgerald, Catalytic activity of the caspase-8???FLIPL complex inhibits RIPK3-dependent necrosis, Nature, vol.24, issue.7338, pp.363-367, 2011.
DOI : 10.1038/nature09852

M. Oddo, T. Renno, A. Attinger, T. Bakker, and H. Macdonald, Fas ligand-induced apoptosis of infected human macrophages reduces the viability of intracellular Mycobacterium tuberculosis, J Immunol, vol.160, pp.5448-5454, 1998.

M. Lopez, L. Sly, Y. Luu, D. Young, and H. Cooper, The 19-kDa Mycobacterium tuberculosis Protein Induces Macrophage Apoptosis Through Toll-Like Receptor-2, The Journal of Immunology, vol.170, issue.5, pp.2409-2416, 2003.
DOI : 10.4049/jimmunol.170.5.2409

C. Hirsch, Z. Toossi, G. Vanham, J. Johnson, and P. Peters, Apoptosis and T Cell Hyporesponsiveness in Pulmonary Tuberculosis, The Journal of Infectious Diseases, vol.179, issue.4, pp.945-953, 1999.
DOI : 10.1086/314667

B. Li, H. Bassiri, M. Rossman, P. Kramer, and A. Eyuboglu, Involvement of the Fas/Fas ligand pathway in activation-induced cell death of mycobacteria-reactive human gamma delta T cells: a mechanism for the loss of gamma delta T cells in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis, J Immunol, vol.161, pp.1558-1567, 1998.

N. Rakotosamimanana, V. Raharimanga, S. Andriamandimby, J. Soares, and T. Doherty, Variation in Gamma Interferon Responses to Different Infecting Strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in Acid-Fast Bacillus Smear-Positive Patients and Household Contacts in Antananarivo, Madagascar, Clinical and Vaccine Immunology, vol.17, issue.7, pp.1094-1103, 2010.
DOI : 10.1128/CVI.00049-10

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/pasteur-00614820

K. Dheda, J. Huggett, S. Bustin, M. Johnson, and G. Rook, Validation of housekeeping genes for normalizing RNA expression in real-time PCR, Biotechniques, vol.37, issue.116, pp.112-114, 2004.

M. Abebe, T. Doherty, L. Wassie, A. Aseffa, and K. Bobosha, Expression of apoptosis-related genes in an Ethiopian cohort study correlates with tuberculosis clinical status, European Journal of Immunology, vol.37, issue.1, pp.291-301, 2010.
DOI : 10.1002/eji.200939856

A. Mohan, T. Cote, J. Block, A. Manadan, and J. Siegel, Tuberculosis following the Use of Etanercept, a Tumor Necrosis Factor Inhibitor, Clinical Infectious Diseases, vol.39, issue.3, pp.295-299, 2004.
DOI : 10.1086/421494

D. Hoft, S. Worku, B. Kampmann, C. Whalen, and J. Ellner, Immunity, The Journal of Infectious Diseases, vol.186, issue.10, pp.1448-1457, 2002.
DOI : 10.1086/344359

A. Nienhaus, A. Schablon, and R. Diel, Interferon-Gamma Release Assay for the Diagnosis of Latent TB Infection ??? Analysis of Discordant Results, when Compared to the Tuberculin Skin Test, PLoS ONE, vol.7, issue.6, p.2665, 2008.
DOI : 10.1371/journal.pone.0002665.t006

J. Sutherland, P. Hill, I. Adetifa, B. De-jong, and S. Donkor, Identification of Probable Early-Onset Biomarkers for Tuberculosis Disease Progression, PLoS ONE, vol.11, issue.8, p.25230, 2011.
DOI : 10.1371/journal.pone.0025230.t002

M. Berry, C. Graham, F. Mcnab, Z. Xu, and S. Bloch, An interferon-inducible neutrophil-driven blood transcriptional signature in human tuberculosis, Nature, vol.195, issue.7309, pp.973-977, 2010.
DOI : 10.1038/nature09247