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Reemergence of Recombinant Vaccine-derived Polioviruses in Healthy Children, Madagascar.

Abstract : Poliomyelitis outbreaks caused by pathogenic vaccine-derived polioviruses (VDPVs) are primarily a result of low polio vaccine coverage. Low coverage enables interhuman circulation of polioviruses (PVs) from the oral polio vaccine (OPV), and it enables genetic drift of the viruses and their subsequent reversion to neurovirulent phenotypes. Polio outbreaks associated with type 2 or 3 VDPVs (VDPV2s or VDPV3s) were reported in 2001-2002 and 2005 in Toliara Province in southern Madagascar. These VDPVs were found in patients with acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) and in healthy children who were contacts of the patients with AFP. The genomes of these VDPVs belong to several independent, complex mosaic recombinant lineages composed of sequences derived from vaccine polioviruses and other co-circulating species C human enteroviruses (human EV-C). The 2001-2002 and 2005 outbreaks in Toliara Province were stopped after rapid and efficient OPV vaccination campaigns.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, June 18, 2013 - 10:31:21 AM
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Richter Razafindratsimandresy, Marie-Line Joffret, Sendraharimanana Rabemanantsoa, Seta Andriamamonjy, Jean-Michel Heraud, et al.. Reemergence of Recombinant Vaccine-derived Polioviruses in Healthy Children, Madagascar.. Emerging Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2013, 19 (6), pp.1008-10. ⟨10.3201/eid1906.130080⟩. ⟨pasteur-00835147⟩

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