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A detailed molecular analysis of complete Bovine Leukemia Virus genomes isolated from B-cell lymphosarcomas.

Abstract : It is widely accepted that the majority of cancers result from multiple cellular events leading to malignancy after a prolonged period of clinical latency, and that the immune system plays a critical role in the control of cancer progression. Bovine leukemia virus (BLV) is an oncogenic member of the Retroviridae family. Complete genomic sequences of BLV strains isolated from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from cattle have been previously reported. However, a detailed characterization of the complete genome of BLV strains directly isolated from bovine tumors is much needed in order to contribute to the understanding of the mechanisms of leukemogenesis induced by BLV in cattle. In this study, we performed a molecular characterization of BLV complete genomes from bovine B-cell lymphosarcoma isolates. A nucleotide substitution was found in the glucocorticoid response element (GRE) site of the 5' long terminal repeat (5'LTR) of the BLV isolates. All amino acid substitutions in Tax previously found to be related to stimulate high transcriptional activity of 5'LTR were not found in these studies. Amino acid substitutions were found in the nucleocapsid, gp51 and G4 proteins. Premature stop-codons in R3 were observed. Few mutations or amino acid substitutions may be needed to allow BLV provirus to achieve silencing. Substitutions that favor suppression of viral expression in malignant B cells might be a strategy to circumvent effective immune attack.
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Submitted on : Monday, July 22, 2013 - 8:02:54 PM
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Gonzalo Moratorio, Sabrina Fischer, Sergio Bianchi, Lorena Tomé, Gonzalo Rama, et al.. A detailed molecular analysis of complete Bovine Leukemia Virus genomes isolated from B-cell lymphosarcomas.. Veterinary Research, BioMed Central, 2013, 44 (1), pp.19. ⟨10.1186/1297-9716-44-19⟩. ⟨pasteur-00847171⟩

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