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Design and characterization of a recombinant colorimetric SAG1-alkaline phosphatase conjugate to detect specific antibody responses against Toxoplasma gondii.

Abstract : The purpose of this study was to design a novel in vitro tool by using recombinant protein technology to detect specific antibody responses against Toxoplasma gondii in a simple, rapid and highly sensitive reagent. The surface T. gondii SAG1 protein is an important immunodominant target, which provides a great interest as a diagnostic antigen. To further exploit its immunodetection capacity, in the present study, the full length sag1 gene was inserted into the pLIP6 prokaryotic expression vector so as to produce a SAG1 antigen genetically fused to the bacterial alkaline phosphatase (AP). After expression optimization, the recombinant fusion protein folded correctly in soluble form in the periplasmic space and preserved both the AP enzymatic activity and the SAG1 immunoreactivity. Subsequently, direct-ELISA and dot-blot immunoassays were designed, using crude preparation SAG1-AP conjugate, to explore its value in serodiagnosis of human toxoplasmosis. We demonstrate that the recombinant SAG1-AP can detect specific T. gondii antibodies in one-step procedure and can successfully discriminate between T. gondii immune and non-immune patients, in agreement with the standard gold test. In conclusion, the present study shows that the genetic fusion protein provides a new tool for one-step T. gondii immunodetection, which was easily, quickly and reproducibly produced as homogeneous bi-functional reagent. Thus, this recombinant immunoconjugate is a promising marker for Toxoplasma serodiagnosis, requiring further evaluation on a larger series and could provide the basis for direct antibody capture enzyme-immunoassay for specific immunoglobulin M and G detection.
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https://hal-riip.archives-ouvertes.fr/pasteur-00860677
Contributor : Institut Pasteur Tunis <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, September 10, 2013 - 7:11:42 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 17, 2018 - 12:44:06 PM

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Nouha Chahed Bel-Ochi, Aïda Bouratbine, Mohamed Mousli. Design and characterization of a recombinant colorimetric SAG1-alkaline phosphatase conjugate to detect specific antibody responses against Toxoplasma gondii.. Journal of Immunological Methods, Elsevier, 2013, 394 (1-2), pp.107-14. ⟨10.1016/j.jim.2013.05.010⟩. ⟨pasteur-00860677⟩

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