Inhibition of sensory afferents activation and visceral pain by a brominated algal diterpene.

Abstract : BACKGROUND: In the search of new therapeutic options for the treatment of pain, isolation, and testing of secondary metabolites from plant extracts has raised significant attention. We have investigated the effects of the brominated diterpene O(11) 15- cyclo-14-bromo-14,15-dihydrorogiol-3,11-diol (that we have named VLC5), extracted from the Mediterranean red algae Laurencia glandulifera. METHODS: The pure extract was tested on primary afferent calcium signals induced by high concentration of KCl, transcient receptor potential vanilloid (TRPV)1 (capsaicin) or TRPV4 agonists, histamine, or protease-activated receptor-2 (PAR(2) ) agonist. It was also tested in mice in a model of mustard oil-induced colonic hypersensitivity. KEY RESULTS: VLC5 was inhibited PAR(2) agonist or histamine-induced calcium mobilization in mouse primary afferents, but did not modify calcium signals induced by high concentrations of KCl, TRPV1 or TRPV4 agonists. The effect of VLC5 on histamine-induced calcium signal in primary afferent was inhibited by pertussis toxin pretreatment and was dependent on the activation of mu- or kappa-opioid receptor agonists, as it was inhibited by selective antagonists of those two receptors, but not by selective antagonist of the delta-opioid receptor. Intraperitoneal treatment of mice with VLC5 (10 mg kg(-1)) significantly reduced visceral pain behaviors induced by the intracolonic administration of mustard oil, in an opioid receptor-dependent manner. CONCLUSIONS & INFERENCES: We have demonstrated significant analgesic properties for the algal metabolite VLC5, which is able to signal directly to primary afferents, through a mechanism dependent on the activation of opioid receptors. This identifies a new natural compound capable of activating peripheral opioidergic systems, exerting analgesic properties.
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Submitted on : Monday, September 16, 2013 - 5:03:12 PM
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R. Chatter, N. Cenac, V. Roussis, R. Kharrat, N. Vergnolle. Inhibition of sensory afferents activation and visceral pain by a brominated algal diterpene.. Neurogastroenterology and Motility, Wiley, 2012, 24 (7), pp.e336-43. ⟨10.1111/j.1365-2982.2012.01940.x⟩. ⟨pasteur-00862463⟩

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