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Enhanced patient serum immunoreactivity to recombinant Mycobacterium tuberculosis CFP32 produced in the yeast Pichia pastoris compared to Escherichia coli and its potential for serodiagnosis of tuberculosis.

Abstract : CFP32 is a Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex-restricted secreted protein that was previously reported to be present in a majority of sputum samples from patients with active tuberculosis (TB) and to stimulate serum antibody production. CFP32 (originally annotated as Rv0577 and also known as TB27.3) was therefore considered a good candidate target antigen for the rapid serodiagnosis of TB. However, the maximal sensitivity of CFP32 serorecognition may have been limited in earlier studies because recombinant CFP32 (rCFP32) produced in Escherichia coli was used as the test antibody-capture antigen, a potential shortcoming stemming from differences in bacterial protein posttranslational modifications. To further investigate the serodiagnostic potential of rCFP32 synthesized in different heterologous hosts, we expressed rCFP32 in the yeast Pichia pastoris. Compared to E. coli rCFP32, yeast rCFP32 showed a higher capacity to capture polyclonal antisera in Western blot studies. Likewise, yeast rCFP32 was significantly better recognized by the sera from TB patients and healthy Mycobacterium bovis bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG)-vaccinated individuals, by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), than E. coli rCFP32. In subsequent testing, the yeast rCFP32-based antibody-capture ELISA had a sensitivity of 85% and a specificity of 98% for the discrimination of active TB cases (n = 40) from BCG vaccinees (n = 39). The sensitivity was surprisingly high for a single-antigen TB serodiagnostic test compared to tests using E. coli-expressed antigens. Overall, the trans-production of rCFP32 in P. pastoris significantly improved the serologic detection of CFP32-specific antibodies in patient sera, thereby offering a new, possibly better, modality for producing antigens of diagnostic potential for use in the development of immunoassays for both TB and other infectious diseases.
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https://hal-riip.archives-ouvertes.fr/pasteur-00872723
Contributor : Institut Pasteur Tunis <>
Submitted on : Thursday, October 31, 2013 - 12:19:21 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, August 13, 2019 - 11:07:36 AM

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Chaouki Benabdesselem, Dahmani M Fathallah, Richard C Huard, Hongxia Zhu, Mohamed Ali Jarboui, et al.. Enhanced patient serum immunoreactivity to recombinant Mycobacterium tuberculosis CFP32 produced in the yeast Pichia pastoris compared to Escherichia coli and its potential for serodiagnosis of tuberculosis.. Journal of Clinical Microbiology, American Society for Microbiology, 2006, 44 (9), pp.3086-93. ⟨10.1128/JCM.02672-05⟩. ⟨pasteur-00872723⟩

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