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Purification, characterization and molecular modelling of two toxin-like proteins from the Androctonus australis Hector venom.

Abstract : Two toxin-like proteins (AahTL1 and AahTL3) were purified from the venom of the scorpion Androctonus australis Hector (Aah). AahTL1 and AahTL3 are the first non toxic proteins cross-reacting with AahI toxins group which indicates that these proteins can be used as a model of vaccins. In order to study structure-function relationships, their complete amino-acid sequences (66 residues) were determined, by automated Edman degradation. They show more than 50% of similarity with both AahI and AahIII antimammal toxins. Three-dimensional structural models of AahTL1 and AahTL3 constructed by homology suggest that the two proteins are structurally similar to antimammal scorpion alpha-toxins specific to voltage dependent Na+ channels. The models showed also that amino-acid changes between potent Aah toxins and both AahTL1 and AahTL3 disrupt the electrostatic potential gradient at their surface preventing their interaction with the receptor, which may explain their non toxicity.
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https://hal-riip.archives-ouvertes.fr/pasteur-00877296
Contributor : Institut Pasteur Tunis <>
Submitted on : Monday, October 28, 2013 - 11:06:11 AM
Last modification on : Monday, October 8, 2018 - 5:44:07 PM

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N. Srairi-Abid, P. Mansuelle, T. Mejri, H. Karoui, H. Rochat, et al.. Purification, characterization and molecular modelling of two toxin-like proteins from the Androctonus australis Hector venom.. European Journal of Biochemistry, Wiley, 2000, 267 (17), pp.5614-20. ⟨10.1128/IAI.69.8.4906-4915.2001⟩. ⟨pasteur-00877296⟩

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