French multicenter study involving eight test sites for radiometric determination of activities of 10 antimicrobial agents against Mycobacterium avium complex. - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy Year : 1995

French multicenter study involving eight test sites for radiometric determination of activities of 10 antimicrobial agents against Mycobacterium avium complex.

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Abstract

The radiometric BACTEC 460-TB methodology has filled an increased need in the screening of a wide range of antimicrobial agents against Mycobacterium avium (MAC) isolates on a patient-to-patient basis. In this context, a multicenter study involving eight test sites across France was performed to determine the MICs of 10 antimicrobial agents for MAC organisms. The aim of the investigation was to compare the in vitro activities of D-cycloserine, ethambutol, ethionamide, rifampin, amikacin, streptomycin, ciprofloxacin, sparfloxacin, clofazimine, and clarithromycin against MAC isolates. All of the test sites received the same clinical isolates of MAC, and the MICs were determined by a common protocol. The overall interlaboratory reproducibility of the MICs within +/- 1 dilution of the modal MICs varied from 79.70 to 100% (mean, 95.2% +/- 2.1%), whereas overall agreement of the MICs among the test sites varied from a mean of 91% +/- 4.1% to a mean of 98 +/- 1.3%. We confirmed that the proposed methodology is easy, accurate, and sufficiently reproducible to be used routinely in a clinical laboratory. Despite variations in the MICs of the same drug among strains, no link between the origin of MAC isolates (from human immunodeficiency virus-positive or -negative patients) and their drug susceptibilities was established. On the basis of the MICs that inhibited 50 and 90% of isolates tested for the drugs used, clarithromycin, clofazimine, ethambutol, and streptomycin were the most uniformly active against MAC; this was followed by amikacin, rifampin, and sparfloxacin. On the other hand, ciprofloxacin, D-cycloserine, and ethionamide showed only marginal in vitro activities.
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pasteur-00925374 , version 1 (08-01-2014)

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N. Rastogi, R. M. Bauriaud, A. Bourgoin, B. Carbonnelle, C. Chippaux, et al.. French multicenter study involving eight test sites for radiometric determination of activities of 10 antimicrobial agents against Mycobacterium avium complex.. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, 1995, 39 (3), pp.638-44. ⟨10.1128/AAC.39.3.638⟩. ⟨pasteur-00925374⟩
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