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Cardiac cell therapy: the next (re)generation.

Abstract : Heart failure remains one of the main causes of morbidity and mortality in the Western world. Current therapies for myocardial infarction are mostly aimed at blocking the progression of the disease, preventing detrimental cardiac remodeling and potentiating the function of the surviving tissue. In the last decade, great interest has arisen from the possibility to regenerate lost tissue by using cells as a therapeutic tool. Different cell types have been tested in animal models, including bone marrow-derived cells, myoblasts, endogenous cardiac stem cells, embryonic cells and induced pluripotent stem cells. After the conflicting and often inconsistent results of the first clinical trials, a step backward needs to be performed, to understand the basic biological mechanisms underlying spontaneous and induced cardiac regeneration. Current studies aim at finding new strategies to enhance cellular homing, survival and differentiation in order to improve the overall outcome of cellular cardiomyoplasty.
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Elvira Forte, Isotta Chimenti, Lucio Barile, Roberto Gaetani, Francesco Angelini, et al.. Cardiac cell therapy: the next (re)generation.. Stem Cell Reviews and Reports, Humana Press, 2011, 7 (4), pp.1018-30. ⟨10.1007/s12015-011-9252-8⟩. ⟨pasteur-00978435⟩

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