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Effect of gamma radiation on the mechanical and barrier properties of HEMA grafted chitosan-based films

Abstract : Chitosan films were prepared by dissolving 1% (w/v) chitosan powder in 2% (w/v) aqueous acetic acid solution. Chitosan films were prepared by solution casting. The values of puncture strength (PS), viscoelasticity coefficient and water vapor permeability (WVP) of the films were found to be 565 N/mm, 35%, and 3.30 g mm/m2 day kPa, respectively. Chitosan solution was exposed to gamma irradiation (0.1-5 kGy) and it was revealed that PS values were reduced significantly (p≤0.05) after 1 kGy dose and it was not possible to form films after 5 kGy. Monomer, 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA) solution (0.1-1%, w/v) was incorporated into the chitosan solution and the formulation was exposed to gamma irradiation (0.3 kGy). A 0.1% (w/v) HEMA concentration at 0.3 kGy dose was found optimal-based on PS values for chitosan grafting. Then radiation dose (0.1-5 kGy) was optimized for HEMA grafting. The highest PS values (672 N/mm) were found at 0.7 kGy. The WVP of the grafted films improved significantly (p≤0.05) with the rise of radiation dose.
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Avik Khan, Tanzina Huq, Ruhul A. Khan, Dominic Dusseault, Stéphane Salmiéri, et al.. Effect of gamma radiation on the mechanical and barrier properties of HEMA grafted chitosan-based films. Radiation Physics and Chemistry, Elsevier, 2011, 81 (8), pp.941-44. ⟨10.1016/j.radphyschem.2011.11.056⟩. ⟨pasteur-01005557⟩

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