Mechanical and Barrier Properties of Carbon Nanotube Reinforced PCL-Based Composite Films: Effect of Gamma Radiation

Abstract : Carbon nanotube (CNT) reinforced (0.05-0.5% by wt) polycaprolactone (PCL)-based composites were prepared by com- pression molding. Addition of 0.2% CNT caused a 131% improvement of tensile strength (TS) of PCL films. The tensile modulus (TM) and elongation at break (Eb) of PCL were also significantly improved with the addition of CNT. The water vapor permeability of PCL was 1.51 g*mm/m2*day but 0.2% CNT containing PCL films showed 1.08 g*mm/m2 day. Similarly, the oxygen transmission rate (OTR) of PCL films was found to decrease with the addition of CNT. But, carbon dioxide transmission rate (CO2TR) of PCL film was improved due to incorporation of CNT. Effect of gamma radiation on PCL films and CNT reinforced PCL-based composites were also studied. The TS of the irradiated (10 kGy) PCL films gained to 75% higher than control sample. The TS of the 0.2% CNT reinforced composite film was reached to 41 MPa at 15 kGy dose. The barrier properties of non-irradiated and irradiated (10 kGy) PCL films and composites (0.2% CNT reinforced) were also measured. Both PCL films and composites showed lower values of WVP upon irradiation and indicated better water vapor barrier. The OTR and CO2TR of the irradiated (10 kGy) PCL films and composites were decreased compared to their counterparts. Surface and interface morphologies of the composites were studied by scanning elec- tron microscopy.
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Ruhul A. Khan, Dominic Dussault, Stéphane Salmieri, Agnes Safrani, Monique Lacroix. Mechanical and Barrier Properties of Carbon Nanotube Reinforced PCL-Based Composite Films: Effect of Gamma Radiation. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Wiley, 2012, 127 (5), pp.3962-3969. ⟨10.1002/app.37715⟩. ⟨pasteur-01006110⟩

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