D. García-de-viedma, I. Mokrousov, and N. Rastogi, Innovations in the molecular epidemiology of tuberculosis, Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiolog??a Cl??nica, vol.29, pp.8-13, 2011.
DOI : 10.1016/S0213-005X(11)70012-X

K. Brudey, I. Filliol, and S. Ferdinand, Long-Term Population-Based Genotyping Study of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Complex Isolates in the French Departments of the Americas, Journal of Clinical Microbiology, vol.44, issue.1, pp.183-191, 2006.
DOI : 10.1128/JCM.44.1.183-191.2006

N. Rastogi, K. S. Goh, and H. L. David, Selective inhibition of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex by p-nitro-??-acetylamino-??-hydroxypropio phenone (NAP) and p-nitrobenzoic acid (PNB) used in 7H11 agar medium, Research in Microbiology, vol.140, issue.5, pp.419-423, 1989.
DOI : 10.1016/0923-2508(89)90017-X

J. Kamerbeek, L. Schouls, and A. Kolk, Simultaneous detection and strain differentiation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis for diagnosis and epidemiology, Journal of Clinical Microbiology, vol.35, issue.4, pp.907-914, 1997.

K. Brudey, J. R. Driscoll, and L. Rigouts, Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex genetic diversity: mining the fourth international spoligotyping database (SpolDB4) for classification, population genetics and epidemiology, BMC Microbiology, vol.6, issue.23, 2006.

C. Demay, B. Liens, and T. Burguì-ere, SITVITWEB ??? A publicly available international multimarker database for studying Mycobacterium tuberculosis genetic diversity and molecular epidemiology, Infection, Genetics and Evolution, vol.12, issue.4, pp.755-766, 2012.
DOI : 10.1016/j.meegid.2012.02.004

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/pasteur-00691750

S. Baboolal, J. Millet, P. E. Akpaka, D. Ramoutar, and N. Rastogi, First Insight into Mycobacterium tuberculosis Epidemiology and Genetic Diversity in Trinidad and Tobago, Journal of Clinical Microbiology, vol.47, issue.6, pp.1911-1914, 2009.
DOI : 10.1128/JCM.00535-09

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/pasteur-00694592

J. Millet, S. Baboolal, P. E. Akpaka, D. Ramoutar, and N. Rastogi, Phylogeographical and molecular characterization of an emerging Mycobacterium tuberculosis clone in Trinidad and Tobago, Infection, Genetics and Evolution, vol.9, issue.6, pp.1336-1344, 2009.
DOI : 10.1016/j.meegid.2009.09.006

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/pasteur-00694589

M. W. Borgdorff, N. J. Nagelkerke, C. Dye, and P. Nunn, Gender and tuberculosis: a comparison of prevalence surveys with notification data to explore sex differences in case detection, International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, vol.4, issue.2, pp.123-132, 2000.

M. G. Weiss, D. Somma, and F. Karim, Cultural epidemiology of TB with reference to gender in Bangladesh, India and Malawi, International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, vol.12, issue.7, pp.837-847, 2008.

M. B. Haddad, T. W. Wilson, K. Ijaz, S. M. Marks, and M. Moore, Tuberculosis and Homelessness in the United States, 1994-2003, JAMA, vol.293, issue.22, pp.2762-2766, 1994.
DOI : 10.1001/jama.293.22.2762

J. Lukács, V. Tubak, and J. Mester, Conventional and Molecular Epidemiology of Tuberculosis in Homeless Patients in Budapest, Hungary, Journal of Clinical Microbiology, vol.42, issue.12, pp.5931-5934, 2004.
DOI : 10.1128/JCM.42.12.5931-5934.2004

M. Francis and A. Rattan, Tuberculosis in CAREC member countries Caribbean Epidemiology Centre (CAREC) Surveillance Report, pp.1-7, 2006.

H. Getahun, M. Harrington, R. O-'brien, and P. Nunn, Diagnosis of smear-negative pulmonary tuberculosis in people with HIV infection or AIDS in resource-constrained settings: informing urgent policy changes, The Lancet, vol.369, issue.9578, pp.2042-2049, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/S0140-6736(07)60284-0

A. Wright, M. Zignol, and A. Van-deun, Epidemiology of antituberculosis drug resistance 2002???07: an updated analysis of the Global Project on Anti-Tuberculosis Drug Resistance Surveillance, The Lancet, vol.373, issue.9678, pp.1861-1873, 2009.
DOI : 10.1016/S0140-6736(09)60331-7

N. Menner, I. Günther, and H. Orawa, High frequency of multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates in Georgetown, Guyana, Tropical Medicine & International Health, vol.109, issue.12, pp.1215-1218, 2005.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1365-3156.2005.01521.x

P. Supply, C. Allix, and S. Lesjean, Proposal for Standardization of Optimized Mycobacterial Interspersed Repetitive Unit-Variable-Number Tandem Repeat Typing of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Journal of Clinical Microbiology, vol.44, issue.12, pp.4498-4510, 2006.
DOI : 10.1128/JCM.01392-06

Z. Rahim, K. Zaman, and A. G. Van-der-zanden, Assessment of Population Structure and Major Circulating Phylogeographical Clades of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Complex in Bangladesh Suggests a High Prevalence of a Specific Subclade of Ancient M. tuberculosis Genotypes, Journal of Clinical Microbiology, vol.45, issue.11, pp.3791-3794, 2007.
DOI : 10.1128/JCM.01247-07

D. Van-soolingen, L. Qian, and P. E. De-haas, Predominance of a single genotype of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in countries of East Asia, Journal of Clinical Microbiology, vol.33, issue.12, pp.3234-3238, 1995.

P. J. Bifani, B. Mathema, N. E. Kurepina, and B. N. Kreiswirth, Global dissemination of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis W-Beijing family strains, Trends in Microbiology, vol.10, issue.1, pp.45-52, 2002.
DOI : 10.1016/S0966-842X(01)02277-6

I. Devaux, K. Kremer, H. Heersma, and D. Van-soolingen, Cases, Europe, Emerging Infectious Diseases, vol.15, issue.7, pp.1052-1060, 2009.
DOI : 10.3201/eid1507.080994

V. Ritacco, B. López, and P. I. Cafrune, Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains of the Beijing genotype are rarely observed in tuberculosis patients in South America, Mem??rias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, vol.103, issue.5, pp.489-492, 2008.
DOI : 10.1590/S0074-02762008000500014

T. Iwamoto, L. Grandjean, and K. Arikawa, Genetic diversity and transmission characteristics of Beijing family strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in Peru Possible underlying mechanisms for successful emergence of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis Beijing genotype strains, PLoS ONE The Lancet Infectious Diseases, vol.7, issue.10 2, pp.103-111, 2010.

J. Millet, W. Laurent, T. Zozio, and N. Rastogi, Finer Snapshot of Circulating Mycobacterium tuberculosis Genotypes in Guadeloupe, Martinique, and French Guiana, Journal of Clinical Microbiology, vol.49, issue.7, pp.2685-2687, 2011.
DOI : 10.1128/JCM.00708-11

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/pasteur-00691760

F. K. Koro, Y. Kamdem-simo, and F. F. Piam, Population Dynamics of Tuberculous Bacilli in Cameroon as Assessed by Spoligotyping, Journal of Clinical Microbiology, vol.51, issue.1, pp.299-302, 2013.
DOI : 10.1128/JCM.01196-12

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/pasteur-00835858

D. W. Dowdy, J. E. Golub, R. E. Chaisson, and V. Saraceni, Heterogeneity in tuberculosis transmission and the role of geographic hotspots in propagating epidemics, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol.109, issue.24, pp.9557-9562, 2012.
DOI : 10.1073/pnas.1203517109