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Genotypic characterization and historical perspective of Mycobacterium tuberculosis among older and younger Finns, 2008-2011.

Abstract : The Mycobacterium tuberculosis genotypes obtained from elderly Finns were assessed and compared with those obtained from younger Finns to comprehend the epidemiology of tuberculosis (TB) in Finland. From 2008 to 2011, a total of 1021 M. tuberculosis isolates were characterized by spoligotyping and 15-locus mycobacterial interspersed repetitive units-variable number tandem repeat typing. In total, 733 Finnish-born cases were included in the study, of which 466 (64%) were born before 1945 (older Finns). Of these, 63 (14%) shared an M. tuberculosis genotype with foreign-born or younger Finnish cases (born after 1945), and 59 (13%) shared a genotype with older Finnish cases. Eighty-five per cent had a unique genotypic profile while 70% belonged to T or Haarlem families, suggesting that ongoing transmission is infrequent among young and elderly Finns. Simultaneous reactivation of TB among older Finns was the most likely cause for clustering. As most isolates belonged to Haarlem or T, Finland was most likely affected by a similar TB epidemic at the beginning of the twentieth century as that seen in Sweden and Norway. Younger Finns were significantly more likely to be clustered (56% versus 27%, p <0.001), have pulmonary TB (87% versus 71%, p <0.001) and to be sputum smear positive (57% versus 48%, p <0.05) indicating that the risk of TB transmission from younger Finns is likely to be larger than from older Finns. The M. tuberculosis isolates from elderly Finns were associated with dominant lineages of the early twentieth century and differed from the heterogeneous lineages found among younger TB patients. Additionally, younger TB patients were more likely to transmit TB than elderly Finns.
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Submitted on : Sunday, June 22, 2014 - 11:28:22 PM
Last modification on : Friday, March 29, 2019 - 9:59:11 AM

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P W Smit, M Haanperä, P Rantala, D Couvin, O Lyytikäinen, et al.. Genotypic characterization and historical perspective of Mycobacterium tuberculosis among older and younger Finns, 2008-2011.. Clinical Microbiology and Infection, Elsevier for the European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, 2014, 20 (11), pp.1134-9. ⟨10.1111/1469-0691.12725⟩. ⟨pasteur-01011085⟩

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