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Evaluation of PCR-RFLP in the Pre-S Region as Molecular Method for Hepatitis B Virus Genotyping.

Résumé : BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a public health problem in developing countries. HBV genotypes play major role in the evolution of infection since they were involved in different clinical presentations and response to treatment. OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to evaluate the efficiency of restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis for HBV genotyping. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We investigated 98 samples collected from patients chronically infected with HBV. HBV genotypes were determined by analysis of patterns obtained after amplification in Pre-S region and digestion of the amplicon by two endonucleases AvaII and DpnII. Obtained results were confirmed by partial sequencing in the same region. RESULTS: Two different HBV genotypes were detected in this study, Genotype D (in 95. 9%) and Genotype A (in 4.1%). Seventy-four samples (75.5%) were successfully genotyped with RFLP analysis and all classified as genotype D. The remaining 24 samples (24.5%) which were un-genotyped by RFLP analysis, were classified by partial sequencing of the pre-S region as HBV genotype D (20 samples, 20.4%) and genotype A (4 samples, 4.1%). Atypical profiles were significantly associated with advanced liver disease (P = 0.001) as well as older age (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Several previous studies used PCR-RFLP to genotype HBV; however, we showed the high risk to obtain atypical profiles, especially in advanced stages of chronic infection, with as results difficulties to genotype the virus. These profiles resulted from the accumulation of mutations during natural course of infection resulting in a modification in restriction sites for enzymes. So, we recommended completing the investigation by partial sequencing to confirm obtained results.
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https://hal-riip.archives-ouvertes.fr/pasteur-01061047
Contributor : Institut Pasteur Tunis <>
Submitted on : Friday, September 5, 2014 - 9:37:48 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, April 23, 2019 - 3:04:02 PM

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Rim Ouneissa, Olfa Bahri, Ahlem Ben Yahia, Henda Touzi, Mohamed Msaddak Azouz, et al.. Evaluation of PCR-RFLP in the Pre-S Region as Molecular Method for Hepatitis B Virus Genotyping.. Hepatitis Monthly, Kowsar Corporation, 2013, 13 (10), pp.e11781. ⟨10.5812/hepatmon.11781⟩. ⟨pasteur-01061047⟩

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