Association between rs267196 and rs267201 of BMP6 gene and osteonecrosis among Sickle Cell Aneamia patients.

Abstract : AIMS: The skeletal manifestations of sickle cell disease are the result of changes in bone and bone marrow caused by chronic tissue hypoxia that is exacerbated by episodic occlusion of the microcirculation by the abnormal sickle cells. Furthermore, the occurrence of osteonecrosis is under the control of some modifier gene. BMP6 (Bone morphogenetic protein) has been reported as associated with osteonecrosis in sickle cell anemia (SCA). Herein, we intend to study the impact of rs267196, rs267201, rs408505 and rs449853 of BMP6 gene in the occurrence of osteonecrosis among sickle cell patients in Tunisia. METHODS: Our study involved 100 SCA patients among whom 19 have osteonecrosis of the head of the femur. The latter polymorphisms of BMP6 gene were analyzed for all subjects by PCR/sequencing. To test for trait association with the candidate SNPs, genotype and allele frequencies between cases (osteonecrosis group) and controls (non-osteonecrosis group) were compared using Pearson's chi_square test with a significance threshold of P<0.05 (compare 2, version 1.02). RESULTS: Our findings showed that the patients carried genotype TA of rs 267196 and genotype AG of rs267201 present a high risk factor for developing osteonecrosis RR=1.317 and RR=1.3 respectively. The results showed a significant association between the alleles A of rs 267196 and G of rs267201 and osteonecrosis P=0.0023; RR=2.42 and P=0.041; RR=2.24 respectively. Interestingly, SCA patients with the combined genotype TA/AG were found to be at higher risk of developing osteonecrosis (P=0.009). As for rs408505 and rs449853 of BMP6 gene no significant association was found among SCA patients.
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Submitted on : Friday, September 5, 2014 - 4:34:02 PM
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Leila Chaouch, Miniar Kalai, Manel Ben Jbara, Arij Ben Chaabene, Imen Darragi, et al.. Association between rs267196 and rs267201 of BMP6 gene and osteonecrosis among Sickle Cell Aneamia patients.. Biomedical papers of the Medical Faculty of the University Palack¿¿¿¿, Olomouc, Czechoslovakia, Palacky University in Olomouc, 2013, epub ahead of print. ⟨10.5507/bp.2013.080⟩. ⟨pasteur-01061398⟩

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