Service interruption on Monday 11 July from 12:30 to 13:00: all the sites of the CCSD (HAL, EpiSciences, SciencesConf, AureHAL) will be inaccessible (network hardware connection).
Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

Patterns of selection on Plasmodium falciparum erythrocyte-binding antigens after the colonization of the New World.

Abstract : Pathogens, which have recently colonized a new host species or new populations of the same host, are interesting models for understanding how populations may evolve in response to novel environments. During its colonization of South America from Africa, Plasmodium falciparum, the main agent of malaria, has been exposed to new conditions in distinctive new human populations (Amerindian and populations of mixed origins) that likely exerted new selective pressures on the parasite's genome. Among the genes that might have experienced strong selective pressures in response to these environmental changes, the eba genes (erythrocyte-binding antigens genes), which are involved in the invasion of the human red blood cells, constitute good candidates. In this study, we analysed, in South America, the polymorphism of three eba genes (eba-140, eba-175, eba-181) and compared it to the polymorphism observed in African populations. The aim was to determine whether these genes faced selective pressures in South America distinct from what they experienced in Africa. Patterns of genetic variability of these genes were compared to the patterns observed at two housekeeping genes (adsl and serca) and 272 SNPs to separate adaptive effects from demographic effects. We show that, conversely to Africa, eba-140 seemed to be under stronger diversifying selection in South America than eba-175. In contrast, eba-181 did not show any sign of departure from neutrality. These changes in the patterns of selection on the eba genes could be the consequence of changes in the host immune response, the host receptor polymorphisms and/or the ability of the parasite to silence or express differentially its invasion proteins.
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadata
Contributor : Eric Legrand Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, January 26, 2015 - 4:56:06 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, July 6, 2022 - 9:20:00 AM

Links full text



Erhan yalcindag, Virginie Rougeron, Eric Elguero, Céline Arnathau, Durand Patrick, et al.. Patterns of selection on Plasmodium falciparum erythrocyte-binding antigens after the colonization of the New World.. Molecular Ecology Notes, Wiley-Blackwell, 2014, 23 (8), pp.1979-93. ⟨10.1111/mec.12696⟩. ⟨pasteur-01109668⟩



Record views