Poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation is involved in the epigenetic control of TET1 gene transcription.

Abstract : TET enzymes are the epigenetic factors involved in the formation of the sixth DNA base 5-hydroxymethylcytosine, whose deregulation has been associated with tumorigenesis. In particular, TET1 acts as tumor suppressor preventing cell proliferation and tumor metastasis and it has frequently been found down-regulated in cancer. Thus, considering the importance of a tight control of TET1 expression, the epigenetic mechanisms involved in the transcriptional regulation of TET1 gene are here investigated. The involvement of poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation in the control of DNA and histone methylation on TET1 gene was examined. PARP activity is able to positively regulate TET1 expression maintaining a permissive chromatin state characterized by DNA hypomethylation of TET1 CpG island as well as high levels of H3K4 trimethylation. These epigenetic modifications were affected by PAR depletion causing TET1 down-regulation and in turn reduced recruitment of TET1 protein on HOXA9 target gene. In conclusion, this work shows that PARP activity is a transcriptional regulator of TET1 gene through the control of epigenetic events and it suggests that deregulation of these mechanisms could account for TET1 repression in cancer.
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Fabio Ciccarone, Elisabetta Valentini, Maria Giulia Bacalini, Michele Zampieri, Roberta Calabrese, et al.. Poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation is involved in the epigenetic control of TET1 gene transcription.. Oncotarget, Impact journals, 2014, 5 (21), pp.10356-67. ⟨10.18632/oncotarget.1905⟩. ⟨pasteur-01163733⟩

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