Nipah Virus Matrix Protein Influences Fusogenicity and Is Essential for Particle Infectivity and Stability. - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Virology Year : 2016

Nipah Virus Matrix Protein Influences Fusogenicity and Is Essential for Particle Infectivity and Stability.

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Abstract

Nipah virus (NiV) causes fatal encephalitic infections in humans. To characterize the role of the matrix (M) protein in the viral life cycle, we generated a reverse genetics system based on NiV strain Malaysia. Using an enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP)-expressing M protein-deleted NiV, we observed a slightly increased cell-cell fusion, slow replication kinetics, and significantly reduced peak titers compared to the parental virus. While increased amounts of viral proteins were found in the supernatant of cells infected with M-deleted NiV, the infectivity-to-particle ratio was more than 100-fold reduced, and the particles were less thermostable and of more irregular morphology. Taken together, our data demonstrate that the M protein is not absolutely required for the production of cell-free NiV but is necessary for proper assembly and release of stable infectious NiV particles. Henipaviruses cause a severe disease with high mortality in human patients. Therefore, these viruses can be studied only in biosafety level 4 (BSL-4) laboratories, making it more challenging to characterize their life cycle. Here we investigated the role of the Nipah virus matrix protein in virus-mediated cell-cell fusion and in the formation and release of newly produced particles. We found that even though low levels of infectious viruses are produced in the absence of the matrix protein, it is required for the release of highly infectious and stable particles. Fusogenicity of matrixless viruses was slightly enhanced, further demonstrating the critical role of this protein in different steps of Nipah virus spread.

Dates and versions

pasteur-01351097 , version 1 (02-08-2016)

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Erik Dietzel, Larissa Kolesnikova, Bevan Sawatsky, Anja Heiner, Michael Weis, et al.. Nipah Virus Matrix Protein Influences Fusogenicity and Is Essential for Particle Infectivity and Stability.. Journal of Virology, 2016, 90 (5), pp.2514-22. ⟨10.1128/JVI.02920-15⟩. ⟨pasteur-01351097⟩

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